Experimental Models of Sepsis and Non-Infectious SIRS

Raghavan Raju, William J. Hubbard, Irshad H. Chaudry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response caused by infection and is a major cause of mortality after serious injuries and infections. The pathogenesis of sepsis involves several factors such as genetic interaction, pathogen recognition and biological processes that control host responses. Many animal models have been described by various investigators in the study of the pathobiology of sepsis and systemic inflammatory response. In this report we review all the important experimental models that have been used in the study of sepsis, including endotoxin, bacteremia, exogenous peritonitis, and exogenous cecal ligation and perforation models. Notwithstanding the limitations, these models are extensively used by investigators to understand the disease process and to perform pre-clinical studies to test various treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSepsis and Non-Infectious Systemic Inflammation
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Biology to Critical Care
PublisherWiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & CO. KGaA
Pages373-389
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783527319350
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacteremia
  • Cecal ligation and perforation (CLP)
  • Endotoxemia
  • Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
  • Peritonitis
  • Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Raju, R., Hubbard, W. J., & Chaudry, I. H. (2009). Experimental Models of Sepsis and Non-Infectious SIRS. In Sepsis and Non-Infectious Systemic Inflammation: From Biology to Critical Care (pp. 373-389). Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & CO. KGaA. https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527626151.ch16