Exploratory, randomized, controlled, phase 2 study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adjuvant fibrin sealant VH S/D 4 S-apr (ARTISS) in patients undergoing rhytidectomy

T. Roderick Hester, Zachary E. Gerut, James R. Shire, Davis B. Nguyen, Hung Chih Chen, Jason Diamond, Julian C. Desmond, Laura Silvati-Fidell, Steve Zvi Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Suction drains are commonly placed after rhytidectomy surgery to avoid seroma formation that may result from dead spaces between skin layers. Fibrin sealants promote tissue adherence by cross-linking with extracellular matrix proteins, which may reduce the dead space under skin flaps. Objectives: The authors evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of the fibrin sealant (FS) VH S/D 4 s-apr (ARTISS; Baxter Healthcare Corp, Deerfield, Illinois), added to standard-of-care (SoC) treatment, on tissue plane adherence and local hemostasis in rhytidectomy patients. Methods: In this phase 2, prospective, controlled, randomized, evaluator- and patient-blinded, multicenter study, 45 patients (of 56 possible enrollees) received SoC treatment on 1 side of the face and adjunctive FS VH S/D 4 s-apr treatment on the other side. Outcomes measures included visual assessments of ecchymosis (by blinded reviewers), grading of ecchymosis and edema, drainage volumes, occurrence of hematoma/seroma, safety evaluations, and patient-reported assessments of pain, numbness, and treatment preferences postoperatively. Results: Mean patient age was 55.1 years. Rates and grades of ecchymosis and edema were similar for the 2 treatments. The mean (SD) drainage volume 24 hours after surgery was 11.5 (13.7) mL from the FS VH S/D 4 s-apr-treated sides of the face and 26.8 (24.0) mL from the SoC-only sides (P < .0001). Patient assessments of pain, numbness, and preference favored treatment with FS VH S/D 4 s-apr. Adverse events were mild to moderate in severity. Conclusions: Adjuvant use of FS VH S/D 4 s-apr appears to be safe and results in lower drainage volumes than SoC treatment alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-333
Number of pages11
JournalAesthetic Surgery Journal
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

Fingerprint

Rhytidoplasty
Fibrin Tissue Adhesive
Safety
Standard of Care
Ecchymosis
Seroma
Drainage
Hypesthesia
Pain Measurement
Therapeutics
Edema
Skin
Extracellular Matrix Proteins
Suction
Patient Safety
Hemostasis
Hematoma
Multicenter Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • fibrin sealant
  • hemostasis
  • rhytidectomy
  • tissue adherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Exploratory, randomized, controlled, phase 2 study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adjuvant fibrin sealant VH S/D 4 S-apr (ARTISS) in patients undergoing rhytidectomy. / Hester, T. Roderick; Gerut, Zachary E.; Shire, James R.; Nguyen, Davis B.; Chen, Hung Chih; Diamond, Jason; Desmond, Julian C.; Silvati-Fidell, Laura; Abrams, Steve Zvi.

In: Aesthetic Surgery Journal, Vol. 33, No. 3, 01.03.2013, p. 323-333.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hester, T. Roderick ; Gerut, Zachary E. ; Shire, James R. ; Nguyen, Davis B. ; Chen, Hung Chih ; Diamond, Jason ; Desmond, Julian C. ; Silvati-Fidell, Laura ; Abrams, Steve Zvi. / Exploratory, randomized, controlled, phase 2 study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adjuvant fibrin sealant VH S/D 4 S-apr (ARTISS) in patients undergoing rhytidectomy. In: Aesthetic Surgery Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 323-333.
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abstract = "Background: Suction drains are commonly placed after rhytidectomy surgery to avoid seroma formation that may result from dead spaces between skin layers. Fibrin sealants promote tissue adherence by cross-linking with extracellular matrix proteins, which may reduce the dead space under skin flaps. Objectives: The authors evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of the fibrin sealant (FS) VH S/D 4 s-apr (ARTISS; Baxter Healthcare Corp, Deerfield, Illinois), added to standard-of-care (SoC) treatment, on tissue plane adherence and local hemostasis in rhytidectomy patients. Methods: In this phase 2, prospective, controlled, randomized, evaluator- and patient-blinded, multicenter study, 45 patients (of 56 possible enrollees) received SoC treatment on 1 side of the face and adjunctive FS VH S/D 4 s-apr treatment on the other side. Outcomes measures included visual assessments of ecchymosis (by blinded reviewers), grading of ecchymosis and edema, drainage volumes, occurrence of hematoma/seroma, safety evaluations, and patient-reported assessments of pain, numbness, and treatment preferences postoperatively. Results: Mean patient age was 55.1 years. Rates and grades of ecchymosis and edema were similar for the 2 treatments. The mean (SD) drainage volume 24 hours after surgery was 11.5 (13.7) mL from the FS VH S/D 4 s-apr-treated sides of the face and 26.8 (24.0) mL from the SoC-only sides (P < .0001). Patient assessments of pain, numbness, and preference favored treatment with FS VH S/D 4 s-apr. Adverse events were mild to moderate in severity. Conclusions: Adjuvant use of FS VH S/D 4 s-apr appears to be safe and results in lower drainage volumes than SoC treatment alone.",
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AU - Gerut, Zachary E.

AU - Shire, James R.

AU - Nguyen, Davis B.

AU - Chen, Hung Chih

AU - Diamond, Jason

AU - Desmond, Julian C.

AU - Silvati-Fidell, Laura

AU - Abrams, Steve Zvi

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