Exposure to violence and victimization and fighting behavior by urban black adolescents

Robert H. DuRant, Robert A. Pendergrast, Chris Cadenhead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We hypothesize that adolescents' exposure to violence and personal victimization will be associated with the frequency with which they engage in fighting behaviors. However, adolescents who are future-oriented and goal-directed and from more secure families are hypothesized to report less fighting behavior. Methods: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey was administered to 225 youths (males = 44%) aged 11-19 years, living in or around nine Housing and Urban Development housing projects in an urban area. The questionnaire contained multiple standardized scales. The dependent variables were the frequency of physical fights, hitting someone with whom the subject lived, and gang fighting during the last year. Results: Previous exposure to violence and victimization, school grade, and number of sexual partners accounted for 16.2% of the variation in frequency of fighting during the last year (based on multiple regression analysis). Exposure to violence and victimization and a family with an unemployed head of household accounted for 11% of the variation in domestic fighting. Exposure to violence and victimization, hopelessness, and anticipated socioeconomic status accounted for 15% of the variation in the frequency of gang fighting. Conclusions: These data support the hypothesis that exposure to, and being a victim of, violence is associated with the frequency of fighting by adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-318
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Violent behavior Gang fighting depression Victimization Hopelessness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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