Expression and activity of pulmonary endothelin converting enzyme in heart failure: Relation to endothelin biosynthesis and receptor distribution

Adviye Ergul, Ashley L. Grubbs, Yuhua Zhang, Cassandra Joffs, Jeffrey A. Sample, Mary K. King, Francis G. Spinale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Background: Although reduced pulmonary clearance of endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been suggested to contribute to increased circulating levels in congestive heart failure (CHF), the regulation of the pulmonary ET system with CHF remains to be defined. Accordingly, the aim of the present study is to investigate the expression and activity of the ET system with the development of CHF. Methods and Results: Pulmonary tissue samples were collected from pigs with pacing CHF (240 bpm, 3 wks, n = 10) and controls (n = 10). The pulmonary messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels of endothelin converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) subisoforms, ET-1, and ET receptor profiles were determined. The gene expression of ET-1 precursor, ECE-1a, and ETA was upregulated 4-, 3-, and 2-fold, respectively, with CHF. Pulmonary tissue ET-1 was increased to 13 + 2 fmol/mg protein from control values of 5 ± 1 fmol/mg protein (P < .05), and ECE-1 activity was augmented from 3,264 ± 665 fmol/mg protein in control animals to 14,073 ± 654 fmol/mg protein per hour in CHF animals (P < .05). The ETB receptor density decreased, whereas ETA receptors were increased in CHF, indicating a shift in the ETA to ETB ratio. Conclusions: Both the increased synthesis and the decreased clearance of ET-1 via ETB receptors may contribute to the increased systemic and pulmonary ET-1 levels in CHF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-91
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001



  • Congestive heart failure
  • Endothelin converting enzyme
  • Endothelins
  • Experimental
  • Molecular biology
  • Pulmonary system
  • Receptor subtype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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