Qa-2 molecules are weak transplantation antigens encoded by class I genes of the major histocompatibility complex. When expressed In transgenic CBA mice, Qa-2 molecules provoke rapid rejection of skin grafts and strong, Qa-2 specific, cytotoxic T-cell responses. Efficient rejection of skin grafts from Qa-2 transgenic mice takes place when Qa-2 molecules are attached to the cell membrane with a glycophosphatidyl anchor or by a transmembrane protein domain, except that rejection times are siightiy longer In the former case. These results demonstrate that Qa-2 molecules can behave as major transplantation antigens, as do closely related H-2 molecules. Failure of Qa-2 molecules to provoke strong T-cell responses in non-transgenic mice Is probably due to the very low level of expression of Qa-2 molecules In skin kératinocytes from such mice since these cells express increased levels of Qa-2 molecules In all Qa-2 transgenic mice.
- Major histocompatibility complex
- Transgenic mice
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy