Expression of leukosialin (CD43) defines a major intrahepatic T cell subset associated with protective responses in visceral leishmaniasis

Dirlei Nico, Naiara Maran, Leonardo Santos, Erivan Schnaider Ramos-Junior, Natália Rodrigues Mantuano, Joseane Lima Prado Coutinho, Andre Macedo Vale, Celio Geraldo Freire-De-Lima, Adriane Todeschini, Juliany Cola Fernandes Rodrigues, Clarisa Beatriz Palatnik-De-Sousa, Alexandre Morrot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Leishmaniasis is a neglected vector-borne tropical disease caused by Leishmania protozoa that are transmitted to mammalian hosts by infected sand flies. Infection is associated with distinct clinical manifestations that include cutaneous, mucocutaneous and visceral lesions. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is the most severe form of the disease and is considered second in terms of mortality and fourth in terms of morbidity among tropical diseases. IFN-γ-producing T cells are involved in protection against the disease. Methods: CD43+/+ and CD43-/- mice on a C57BL/6 background were intravenously injected with 5 × 107 amastigotes of Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi, and 30 days after infection the clinical signs of disease were examined; the splenocytes were isolated and assayed for cytokine production; and the livers were removed for phenotypic analysis of T cell subsets by flow cytometry. Results: We report that mice lacking CD43 display increased susceptibility to infection by Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi, with higher parasite burdens than wild-type mice. The increased susceptibility of CD43-/- mice were associated with a weakened delayed hypersensitivity response and reduced levels of IgG2a antibodies to leishmania antigens. We further showed that expression of CD43 defines a major intrahepatic CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets with pro-inflammatory phenotypes and leads to increased levels of IFN-γ secretion by activated splenocytes. Conclusions: Our findings point to a role of CD43 in the development of host resistance to visceral leishmaniasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111
JournalParasites and Vectors
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Host protective responses
  • Intrahepatic T cell subsets
  • Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi
  • Leukosialin (cd43)
  • Visceral leishmaniasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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