Extracellular matrix alterations precede vascularization of the retinal pigment epithelium in dystrophic rats

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Abstract

In Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats, the defective retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) fails to phagocytose the shed outer segment membranes, and the photoreceptors degenerate. Following degeneration of the photoreceptors, neovascularization and vitreo-retinal membranes (VRMs) develop. Blood-retinal barrier abnormalities at the level of the RPE suggested that Bruch's membrane extracellular matrix filtration barriers might also be abnormal. To study the progression of RPE cell, extracellular matrix and vascular alterations in the dystrophic retina, we used the cationic tracer polyethyleneimine and electron microscope morphometric techniques. At two weeks in the RCS retina, the RPE and retinal vessels, and their basal laminae, appeared normal. By two months, the RPE was hypertrophic and duplicated in some areas, and flattened in others. The RPE basal lamina was thickened (171% of the control, p < .01), and there were more anionic sites along the RPE basal surface (158% of the control, p < .01). Patches of displaced basal lamina material appeared within the RPE basal infoldings. By four months and later numerous retinal vessels were present within the RPE layer. In addition, cords of migrating RPE cells surrounded presumptive new vessels branching from the RPE layer towards the inner limiting membrane. The RPE-associated vessels exhibited diaphragmed fenestrae and channels, unlike normal retinal vessels, and their basal laminae were marked by anionic sites. These observations of RPE and extracellular matrix changes prior to vascular proliferation, and VRM formation in the dystrophic retina suggest that the RPE-associated extracellular matrix changes may contribute to vascular alterations in the dystrophic retina. A preliminary report of these findings has been presented previously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)907-921
Number of pages15
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Volume8
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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Retinal Pigment Epithelium
Extracellular Matrix
Basement Membrane
Retinal Vessels
Retina
Blood Vessels
Membranes
Blood-Retinal Barrier
Retinal Neovascularization
Bruch Membrane
Polyethyleneimine
Phagocytosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Extracellular matrix alterations precede vascularization of the retinal pigment epithelium in dystrophic rats. / Caldwell, Ruth B.

In: Current Eye Research, Vol. 8, No. 9, 01.01.1989, p. 907-921.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats, the defective retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) fails to phagocytose the shed outer segment membranes, and the photoreceptors degenerate. Following degeneration of the photoreceptors, neovascularization and vitreo-retinal membranes (VRMs) develop. Blood-retinal barrier abnormalities at the level of the RPE suggested that Bruch's membrane extracellular matrix filtration barriers might also be abnormal. To study the progression of RPE cell, extracellular matrix and vascular alterations in the dystrophic retina, we used the cationic tracer polyethyleneimine and electron microscope morphometric techniques. At two weeks in the RCS retina, the RPE and retinal vessels, and their basal laminae, appeared normal. By two months, the RPE was hypertrophic and duplicated in some areas, and flattened in others. The RPE basal lamina was thickened (171{\%} of the control, p < .01), and there were more anionic sites along the RPE basal surface (158{\%} of the control, p < .01). Patches of displaced basal lamina material appeared within the RPE basal infoldings. By four months and later numerous retinal vessels were present within the RPE layer. In addition, cords of migrating RPE cells surrounded presumptive new vessels branching from the RPE layer towards the inner limiting membrane. The RPE-associated vessels exhibited diaphragmed fenestrae and channels, unlike normal retinal vessels, and their basal laminae were marked by anionic sites. These observations of RPE and extracellular matrix changes prior to vascular proliferation, and VRM formation in the dystrophic retina suggest that the RPE-associated extracellular matrix changes may contribute to vascular alterations in the dystrophic retina. A preliminary report of these findings has been presented previously.",
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