Fatal farm injuries among young children

L. R. Salmi, H. B. Weiss, P. L. Peterson, R. F. Spengler, Richard Warren Sattin, H. A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Death certificate data concerning farm-related injury deaths among children 0 to 9 years of age in Wisconsin and Illinois for the period of 1979 to 1985 were reviewed. Average annual farm-related injury death rates were 3.2 per 100,000 rural children in Wisconsin (62 deaths) and 1.5 per 100,000 in Illinois (32 deaths). Rates were three times higher among boys than girls. The occurrence of two harvest-related peaks and the absence of fatality in children less than 1 year of age suggest that presence of children on the farm when supervision is diminished is a key factor in farm-related fatalities. Moving machinery (tractors, wagons, and trucks) was the source of injury in approximately 55% of all deaths. Drowning accounted for 15% of all farm-related deaths. Two fatalities related to gravity box wagons could have easily been prevented with simple safety devices. These findings suggest a need for developing environmental interventions in farms. This will require the allocation of more resources to farm safety programs and a revision of current farm safety legislation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-271
Number of pages5
JournalPediatrics
Volume83
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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  • Cite this

    Salmi, L. R., Weiss, H. B., Peterson, P. L., Spengler, R. F., Sattin, R. W., & Anderson, H. A. (1989). Fatal farm injuries among young children. Pediatrics, 83(2), 267-271.