Fibroblasts promote breast cancer cell invasion by upregulating tumor matrix metalloproteinase-9 production

Thomas N. Wang, Daniel Albo, George P. Tuszynski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Background. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) promotes breast cancer cell invasion of collagen by upregulating matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) production. Stromal TSP-1 may play a role in regulating tumor cell invasion. We hypothesize that fibroblasts promote breast cancer cell invasion by upregulating the production of MMP-9 through TSP-1. Methods. MDA-MB-231 human breast carcinoma cells were grown alone or in coculture with human fibroblasts. Gelatin zymography and Western immunoblot analysis for MMP-9 were performed on the coculture cell media and the single cell media. Inhibition of fibroblast-mediated breast tumor cell invasion by an anti-TSP-1 or an anti-MMP-9 antibody was evaluated using a modified Boyden chamber. Results. Coculture experiments showed an increased production of MMP-9 when compared with breast cancer single cell culture or fibroblast single cell culture experiments as demonstrated by zymography and Western immunoblot analysis. Fibroblast-stimulated MMP-9 production was comparable with TSP-1 - stimulated MMP-9 production. Anti-TSP-1 antibody and anti-MMP-9 antibody inhibited fibroblast-stimulated tumor cell invasion to 30% and 26% of controls, respectively (P < .05). Conclusions. Fibroblasts may regulate breast cancer cell invasion by promoting tumor MMP-9 production through TSP-1. Inhibition of stromal TSP-1 stimulation of MMP-9 synthesis may prevent matrix degradation necessary for tumor invasion and metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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