Flow and multifragmentation in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies

H. G. Ritter, S. Albergo, F. Bieser, F. P. Brady, Z. Caccia, A. D. Chacon, J. L. Chance, Y. Choi, S. Costa, J. B. Elliott, M. L. Gilkes, J. A. Hauger, A. S. Hirsch, E. L. Hjort, A. Insolia, M. Justice, D. Keane, J. Kintner, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. LisaU. Lynen, H. S. Matis, M. McMahan, C. McParland, W. E.J. Mueller, D. L. Olson, M. D. Partlan, N. T. Porile, R. Potenza, G. Rai, J. Rasmussen, J. Romanski, J. L. Romero, G. V. Russo, H. Sann, R. P. Scharenberg, A. Scott, Y. Shao, B. K. Srivastava, T. J.M. Symons, M. L. Tincknell, C. Tuvè, S. Wang, P. G. Warren, H. H. Wieman, K. L. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy spectra of hydrogen and helium isotopes emitted in Au+Au collisions at 0.25, 0.40, 0.60, 0.80, 1.0, and 1.15A GeV have been measured. A systematic study of the shapes of the spectra reveals a significant non-thermal component consistent with collective radial flow. The strength of this component is evaluated as a function of bombarding energy. Comparisons of the flow signal to predictions of QMD and BUU models are made. Using reverse kinematics, the breakup of gold nuclei has been studied in Au+C reactions at 1.0A GeV. The moments of the resulting charged fragment distribution provide evidence that nuclear matter possesses a critical point observable in finite nuclei. Values for the critical exponents γ, β, and τ have been determined. These values are close to those for liquid-gas systems and different from those for 3D percolation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-498
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Physics, Section A
Volume583
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

radial flow
helium isotopes
nuclei
collisions
hydrogen isotopes
critical point
energy spectra
kinematics
fragments
exponents
gold
moments
energy
liquids
predictions
gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Ritter, H. G., Albergo, S., Bieser, F., Brady, F. P., Caccia, Z., Chacon, A. D., ... Wolf, K. L. (1995). Flow and multifragmentation in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies. Nuclear Physics, Section A, 583(C), 491-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(94)00710-5

Flow and multifragmentation in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies. / Ritter, H. G.; Albergo, S.; Bieser, F.; Brady, F. P.; Caccia, Z.; Chacon, A. D.; Chance, J. L.; Choi, Y.; Costa, S.; Elliott, J. B.; Gilkes, M. L.; Hauger, J. A.; Hirsch, A. S.; Hjort, E. L.; Insolia, A.; Justice, M.; Keane, D.; Kintner, J.; Lindenstruth, V.; Lisa, M. A.; Lynen, U.; Matis, H. S.; McMahan, M.; McParland, C.; Mueller, W. E.J.; Olson, D. L.; Partlan, M. D.; Porile, N. T.; Potenza, R.; Rai, G.; Rasmussen, J.; Romanski, J.; Romero, J. L.; Russo, G. V.; Sann, H.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Scott, A.; Shao, Y.; Srivastava, B. K.; Symons, T. J.M.; Tincknell, M. L.; Tuvè, C.; Wang, S.; Warren, P. G.; Wieman, H. H.; Wolf, K. L.

In: Nuclear Physics, Section A, Vol. 583, No. C, 06.02.1995, p. 491-498.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ritter, HG, Albergo, S, Bieser, F, Brady, FP, Caccia, Z, Chacon, AD, Chance, JL, Choi, Y, Costa, S, Elliott, JB, Gilkes, ML, Hauger, JA, Hirsch, AS, Hjort, EL, Insolia, A, Justice, M, Keane, D, Kintner, J, Lindenstruth, V, Lisa, MA, Lynen, U, Matis, HS, McMahan, M, McParland, C, Mueller, WEJ, Olson, DL, Partlan, MD, Porile, NT, Potenza, R, Rai, G, Rasmussen, J, Romanski, J, Romero, JL, Russo, GV, Sann, H, Scharenberg, RP, Scott, A, Shao, Y, Srivastava, BK, Symons, TJM, Tincknell, ML, Tuvè, C, Wang, S, Warren, PG, Wieman, HH & Wolf, KL 1995, 'Flow and multifragmentation in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies', Nuclear Physics, Section A, vol. 583, no. C, pp. 491-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(94)00710-5
Ritter HG, Albergo S, Bieser F, Brady FP, Caccia Z, Chacon AD et al. Flow and multifragmentation in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies. Nuclear Physics, Section A. 1995 Feb 6;583(C):491-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/0375-9474(94)00710-5
Ritter, H. G. ; Albergo, S. ; Bieser, F. ; Brady, F. P. ; Caccia, Z. ; Chacon, A. D. ; Chance, J. L. ; Choi, Y. ; Costa, S. ; Elliott, J. B. ; Gilkes, M. L. ; Hauger, J. A. ; Hirsch, A. S. ; Hjort, E. L. ; Insolia, A. ; Justice, M. ; Keane, D. ; Kintner, J. ; Lindenstruth, V. ; Lisa, M. A. ; Lynen, U. ; Matis, H. S. ; McMahan, M. ; McParland, C. ; Mueller, W. E.J. ; Olson, D. L. ; Partlan, M. D. ; Porile, N. T. ; Potenza, R. ; Rai, G. ; Rasmussen, J. ; Romanski, J. ; Romero, J. L. ; Russo, G. V. ; Sann, H. ; Scharenberg, R. P. ; Scott, A. ; Shao, Y. ; Srivastava, B. K. ; Symons, T. J.M. ; Tincknell, M. L. ; Tuvè, C. ; Wang, S. ; Warren, P. G. ; Wieman, H. H. ; Wolf, K. L. / Flow and multifragmentation in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies. In: Nuclear Physics, Section A. 1995 ; Vol. 583, No. C. pp. 491-498.
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abstract = "Energy spectra of hydrogen and helium isotopes emitted in Au+Au collisions at 0.25, 0.40, 0.60, 0.80, 1.0, and 1.15A GeV have been measured. A systematic study of the shapes of the spectra reveals a significant non-thermal component consistent with collective radial flow. The strength of this component is evaluated as a function of bombarding energy. Comparisons of the flow signal to predictions of QMD and BUU models are made. Using reverse kinematics, the breakup of gold nuclei has been studied in Au+C reactions at 1.0A GeV. The moments of the resulting charged fragment distribution provide evidence that nuclear matter possesses a critical point observable in finite nuclei. Values for the critical exponents γ, β, and τ have been determined. These values are close to those for liquid-gas systems and different from those for 3D percolation.",
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T1 - Flow and multifragmentation in nuclear collisions at intermediate energies

AU - Ritter, H. G.

AU - Albergo, S.

AU - Bieser, F.

AU - Brady, F. P.

AU - Caccia, Z.

AU - Chacon, A. D.

AU - Chance, J. L.

AU - Choi, Y.

AU - Costa, S.

AU - Elliott, J. B.

AU - Gilkes, M. L.

AU - Hauger, J. A.

AU - Hirsch, A. S.

AU - Hjort, E. L.

AU - Insolia, A.

AU - Justice, M.

AU - Keane, D.

AU - Kintner, J.

AU - Lindenstruth, V.

AU - Lisa, M. A.

AU - Lynen, U.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McMahan, M.

AU - McParland, C.

AU - Mueller, W. E.J.

AU - Olson, D. L.

AU - Partlan, M. D.

AU - Porile, N. T.

AU - Potenza, R.

AU - Rai, G.

AU - Rasmussen, J.

AU - Romanski, J.

AU - Romero, J. L.

AU - Russo, G. V.

AU - Sann, H.

AU - Scharenberg, R. P.

AU - Scott, A.

AU - Shao, Y.

AU - Srivastava, B. K.

AU - Symons, T. J.M.

AU - Tincknell, M. L.

AU - Tuvè, C.

AU - Wang, S.

AU - Warren, P. G.

AU - Wieman, H. H.

AU - Wolf, K. L.

PY - 1995/2/6

Y1 - 1995/2/6

N2 - Energy spectra of hydrogen and helium isotopes emitted in Au+Au collisions at 0.25, 0.40, 0.60, 0.80, 1.0, and 1.15A GeV have been measured. A systematic study of the shapes of the spectra reveals a significant non-thermal component consistent with collective radial flow. The strength of this component is evaluated as a function of bombarding energy. Comparisons of the flow signal to predictions of QMD and BUU models are made. Using reverse kinematics, the breakup of gold nuclei has been studied in Au+C reactions at 1.0A GeV. The moments of the resulting charged fragment distribution provide evidence that nuclear matter possesses a critical point observable in finite nuclei. Values for the critical exponents γ, β, and τ have been determined. These values are close to those for liquid-gas systems and different from those for 3D percolation.

AB - Energy spectra of hydrogen and helium isotopes emitted in Au+Au collisions at 0.25, 0.40, 0.60, 0.80, 1.0, and 1.15A GeV have been measured. A systematic study of the shapes of the spectra reveals a significant non-thermal component consistent with collective radial flow. The strength of this component is evaluated as a function of bombarding energy. Comparisons of the flow signal to predictions of QMD and BUU models are made. Using reverse kinematics, the breakup of gold nuclei has been studied in Au+C reactions at 1.0A GeV. The moments of the resulting charged fragment distribution provide evidence that nuclear matter possesses a critical point observable in finite nuclei. Values for the critical exponents γ, β, and τ have been determined. These values are close to those for liquid-gas systems and different from those for 3D percolation.

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