Flow cytometric immunophenotypic assessment of T-cell clonality by V β repertoire analysis in fine-needle aspirates and cerebrospinal fluid

Prashant Tembhare, Constance M. Yuan, John C. Morris, John Edward Janik, Armando C. Filie, Maryalice Stetler-Stevenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


Flow cytometric T-cell receptor V β repertoire analysis (TCR-V β-R) is a sensitive method to detect T-cell clonality; however, its implementation in low-cellularity specimens has not been established. We developed a strategy to use TCR-V βR in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and fine-needle aspirate (FNA) specimens. Initially, full TCR-V β-R was evaluated in diagnostic/ screening specimens from 8 patients with T-cell neoplasia to determine tumor-specific TCR-V β protein expression. Subsequently, an abbreviated, patientspecific TCR-V β-R evaluation was performed in 17 paucicellular specimens from the patients (8 CSF, 9 FNA) for staging and monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD). A single cocktail containing 3 anti-V β antibodies (1 tumor-specific and 2 negative controls) in combination with other antibodies chosen to help gate on atypical T cells is highly sensitive and specific for detecting low-level neoplastic T-cell involvement in paucicellular specimens. This TCR-V β-R strategy is valuable in staging and evaluating MRD in patients with T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Pathology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012



  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Fine-needle aspirate
  • Flow cytometry
  • T-cell clonality
  • V repertoire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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