Formulas for premature infants: Fate of the calcium and phosphorus

J. Bhatia, S. J. Fomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Formulas designed for feeding of premature infants contain minerals added by the manufacturer. Although it is known that these minerals may be poorly suspended in the formula, little is known about concentrations fo minerals in formula delivered to the infant under conditions prevailing in premature infant nurseries. In partially empty bottles of Similac Special Care, concentrations of calcium and phosphorus of this residual formula were found to be substantially greater than concentrations in full bottles. Presumably, concentrations of calcium and phosphorus in formula delivered to the infants was relatively low. Enfamil Premature and SMA Preemie infant formulas contain lesser quantities of added calcium and demonstrated less tendency to sedimentation. Substantial decrease in concentration of calcium was observed with all three formulas during continuous infusion, but the decrease was greatest with Similac Special Care. Little or no change in concentrations of calcium and phosphorus were observed with simulated bolus feeding by gavage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-40
Number of pages4
JournalPediatrics
Volume72
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Bhatia, J., & Fomon, S. J. (1983). Formulas for premature infants: Fate of the calcium and phosphorus. Pediatrics, 72(1), 37-40.