Background: The periodontal ligament (PDL) is a soft tissue interposed between the tooth and the alveolar bone. It is responsible for transmission of forces in vivo; this promotes bone remodeling. The purpose our study was to use fractal analysis to quantify the complex morphology of the PDL-bone interface. Methods: We used Scion Image (Scion Corp, Frederick, Md) and Benoit fractal analysis (Tru Soft International, St. Petersburg, Fla) programs to calculate the fractal dimension of the PDL-bone interface in rats via the box-counting method. Rats in the experimental groups received an initial force of 0.1N or 0.5N with customized springs for 6 hours. Results: Our studies showed an increase in normal fractal dimension at the root apices of the rats' maxillary molars. We also found evidence that the fractal dimension varies along the entire root length from the apex to the cementoenamel junction. Conclusions: Mechanical loading might lead to an increase in fractal dimension at the PDL-bone interface apart from mechanisms of bone cell directed remodeling. These changes in fractal dimension are proportional to loading and could provide a new parameter for force determination in orthodontic tooth movement.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics|
|State||Published - Jun 1 2005|
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