Freedom From a Detectable Ultrasensitive Prostate-specific Antigen at Two Years After Radical Prostatectomy Predicts a Favorable Clinical Outcome: Analysis of the SEARCH Database

Steven L. Chang, Stephen J. Freedland, Martha K. Terris, William J. Aronson, Christopher J. Kane, Christopher L. Amling, Joseph C. Presti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the utility of kinetics for ultrasensitive prostate-specific antigen (uPSA) assays to identify men who are at risk of developing high-risk recurrent prostate cancer [prostate-specific antigen doubling time (PSADT) < 9 months] after radical prostatectomy. Previous studies demonstrate that a PSADT < 9 months after radical prostatectomy is associated with prostate cancer-specific mortality. Conventionally, PSADT has been calculated after biochemical failure (PSA ≥ 0.2 ng/mL). Methods: A review of the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital database from 1988-2008 was performed to identify men with biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy and ≥ 2 uPSA values before failure (PSA ≥ 0.2 ng/mL) as well as ≥ 2 values after failure to calculate PSADT. These patients were stratified into low-risk (PSADT ≥ 9 months) and high-risk (PSADT < 9 months) cohorts. The following uPSA kinetics were analyzed for their ability to predict low- and high-risk cohorts: time to first detectable uPSA, time from uPSA to biochemical failure, uPSA velocity, uPSADT, uPSA exponential rise, and uPSA fluctuations. Results: The analysis included 89 low- and 26 high-risk men. Time to first detectable uPSA was inversely associated with the high-risk cohort (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99, P = .02) and characterized by a high sensitivity and negative predictive value at a threshold of 2 years after surgery. Other measures of uPSA kinetics showed no association with PSADT. Conclusions: Time to first detectable uPSA identifies men with low-risk recurrence prostate cancer. Patients with an undetectable uPSA 2 years after surgery are unlikely to develop PSADT < 9 months after biochemical failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalUrology
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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