Rabies virus-specific CD4+ T lymphocyte clones were isolated from a Caucasian male vaccine recipient (DR4/7, DQw2/w8; DPw4) and studied for their major histocompatibility complex restricting elements. None of the rabies-specific T-cell clones could be induced to proliferate to antigen by either lymphoblastoid cells or DR-transfected L cells expressing DR4 molecules of the Dw subtypes commonly found on Caucasian individuals (Dw4, Dw10, Dw13, Dw14). The HLA-Dw subtype of the rabies vaccine recipient was determined by conventional mixed lymphocyte culture, and the results revealed that this individual had a DR4 (Dw15), DR7 (Dw7) phenotype. The presence of the DR4, Dw15 antigen was confirmed by nucleotide sequencing of the DR4B1 gene corresponding to the DRB1*0405 allele. Significant antigen-induced T-cell proliferative responses were obtained with two DR4, Dw15, DQw4 homozygous lymphoblastoid cell lines of Japanese origin (HAS-15 and KT-3) and with a L-cell transfectant expressing the DR4, Dw15 molecule. The existence of the DR4, Dw15 antigen in the Japanese has been reported to be associated with the DQw4 specificity. However, the presence of DQw8 (previously designated DQw3.2) and the absence of DQw4 in the lymphoblastoid cells of the Caucasian rabies vaccinee was confirmed with monoclonal antibodies IVD12 (anti-DQw7 + DQw8 + DQw9) and HU46 (anti-DQw4) and by the reactivity of a DQw8-restricted antigen-specific T-cell clone. These studies indicate, contrary to previous findings, that the DR4, Dw15 molecule may be present in Caucasian (non-Japanese) individuals in association with DQw8.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy