Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are potent vasodilators derived from cytochrome P-450 metabolism of arachidonic acid. The rapid conversion of EETs to their corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) has been proposed as a process whereby EETs are rendered biologically inactive. However, the vascular metabolism of EETs and the vasoactivities of EET metabolites have not been extensively studied. Accordingly, 11.12-EET metabolism was characterized in porcine aortic smooth muscle cells. The cells converted [ 3 H]11.12-EET to 11,12-DHET and to a newly identified metabolite, 7,8-dihydroxy-hexadecadienoic acid (DHHD), 11,12-DHET accumulation in the medium reached a maximum in 2 to 4 hours and then declined, whereas 7,8-DHHD accumulation increased continuously and exceeded the amount of 11,12-DHET by 8 hours. [ 3 H] 11.12-EET conversion to radiolabeled 7.8-DHHD was reduced in the presence of unlabeled 11,12-DHET, indicating that 11,12-DHET is an intermediate in the conversion of 11,12-EET to 7,8-DHHD. This is consistent with a pathway whereby 11,12 EET is convened by an epoxide hydrolase to 11,12-DHET, which then undergoes two β-oxidations to form 7,8 DHHD. In porcine coronary artery rings contracted with a thromboxane mimetic, 11,12- DHET produced relaxation similar in magnitude to that produced by 11,12-EET (77% versus 64% relaxation at 5 μmol/L, respectively), 7,8-DHHD also produced vasorelaxation. Thus, the vasoactivity of 11,12-EET is not eliminated by conversion to 11,12-DHET and 7,8-DHHD. These results suggest that 11,12-DHET and its metabolite, 7,8-DHHD, may contribute to the regulation of vascular tone in the porcine coronary artery and possibly other vascular tissues.
- cytochrome P-450
- dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid
- epoxyeicosatrienoic acid
- porcine aortic smooth muscle cell
- porcine coronary artery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine