Functioning in the face of racism

Preliminary findings on the buffering role of values clarification in a Black American sample

Lindsey Michelle West, Jessica R. Graham, Lizabeth Roemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is important to determine factors that may buffer the negative psychological consequences of perceived racial discrimination in a Black American sample. One potential factor is attention to and clarification of what is meaningful for the individual (i.e., values clarification). Fourteen Black American participants were recruited from a larger study where they had endorsed having experienced racism-related stress in response to experiences of perceived racial discrimination from service providers, in addition to inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to a values clarification (N=7) or control condition (N=7) and were presented with a racism-related stimulus before and after the experimental manipulation. The effects of values clarification on self-reported distress, positive, and negative affect was measured. Condition assignment had a marginally significant effect on overall subjective units of distress with a large effect size. Medium-sized effects were found on overall positive emotional responses and overall negative emotional responses. If a larger sample size supports the trends revealed in this study, it would indicate that values clarification can help buffer the negative psychological impact of perceived racial discrimination for Black Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
Volume2
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2013

Fingerprint

Racism
racism
African Americans
buffering
distress
buffers
Values
Buffers
sampling
stress response
Psychology
psychological consequences
Sample Size
service provider
manipulation
stimulus
inclusion
effect
Functioning
Racial discrimination

Keywords

  • Black American
  • Perceived racial discrimination
  • Values clarification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Functioning in the face of racism : Preliminary findings on the buffering role of values clarification in a Black American sample. / West, Lindsey Michelle; Graham, Jessica R.; Roemer, Lizabeth.

In: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, Vol. 2, No. 1-2, 15.04.2013, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4961496dffde4cf2b0cdf45ac611cc9b,
title = "Functioning in the face of racism: Preliminary findings on the buffering role of values clarification in a Black American sample",
abstract = "It is important to determine factors that may buffer the negative psychological consequences of perceived racial discrimination in a Black American sample. One potential factor is attention to and clarification of what is meaningful for the individual (i.e., values clarification). Fourteen Black American participants were recruited from a larger study where they had endorsed having experienced racism-related stress in response to experiences of perceived racial discrimination from service providers, in addition to inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to a values clarification (N=7) or control condition (N=7) and were presented with a racism-related stimulus before and after the experimental manipulation. The effects of values clarification on self-reported distress, positive, and negative affect was measured. Condition assignment had a marginally significant effect on overall subjective units of distress with a large effect size. Medium-sized effects were found on overall positive emotional responses and overall negative emotional responses. If a larger sample size supports the trends revealed in this study, it would indicate that values clarification can help buffer the negative psychological impact of perceived racial discrimination for Black Americans.",
keywords = "Black American, Perceived racial discrimination, Values clarification",
author = "West, {Lindsey Michelle} and Graham, {Jessica R.} and Lizabeth Roemer",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcbs.2013.03.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science",
issn = "2212-1447",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Functioning in the face of racism

T2 - Preliminary findings on the buffering role of values clarification in a Black American sample

AU - West, Lindsey Michelle

AU - Graham, Jessica R.

AU - Roemer, Lizabeth

PY - 2013/4/15

Y1 - 2013/4/15

N2 - It is important to determine factors that may buffer the negative psychological consequences of perceived racial discrimination in a Black American sample. One potential factor is attention to and clarification of what is meaningful for the individual (i.e., values clarification). Fourteen Black American participants were recruited from a larger study where they had endorsed having experienced racism-related stress in response to experiences of perceived racial discrimination from service providers, in addition to inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to a values clarification (N=7) or control condition (N=7) and were presented with a racism-related stimulus before and after the experimental manipulation. The effects of values clarification on self-reported distress, positive, and negative affect was measured. Condition assignment had a marginally significant effect on overall subjective units of distress with a large effect size. Medium-sized effects were found on overall positive emotional responses and overall negative emotional responses. If a larger sample size supports the trends revealed in this study, it would indicate that values clarification can help buffer the negative psychological impact of perceived racial discrimination for Black Americans.

AB - It is important to determine factors that may buffer the negative psychological consequences of perceived racial discrimination in a Black American sample. One potential factor is attention to and clarification of what is meaningful for the individual (i.e., values clarification). Fourteen Black American participants were recruited from a larger study where they had endorsed having experienced racism-related stress in response to experiences of perceived racial discrimination from service providers, in addition to inclusion criteria. Participants were randomly assigned to a values clarification (N=7) or control condition (N=7) and were presented with a racism-related stimulus before and after the experimental manipulation. The effects of values clarification on self-reported distress, positive, and negative affect was measured. Condition assignment had a marginally significant effect on overall subjective units of distress with a large effect size. Medium-sized effects were found on overall positive emotional responses and overall negative emotional responses. If a larger sample size supports the trends revealed in this study, it would indicate that values clarification can help buffer the negative psychological impact of perceived racial discrimination for Black Americans.

KW - Black American

KW - Perceived racial discrimination

KW - Values clarification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878996983&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878996983&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jcbs.2013.03.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jcbs.2013.03.003

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science

JF - Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science

SN - 2212-1447

IS - 1-2

ER -