Galpha/LGN-mediated asymmetric spindle positioning does not lead to unequal cleavage of the mother cell in 3-D cultured MDCK cells

Zhuoni Xiao, Qingwen Wan, Quansheng Du, Zhen Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The position of the mitotic spindle plays a key role in spatial control of cell division. It is generally believed that when a spindle is positioned asymmetrically in a dividing cell, the resulting daughter cells are usually unequal in size due to eccentric cleavage of the mother cell. Molecular mechanisms underlying the generation of unequal sized daughter cells have been extensively studied in . Drosophila neuroblast and . Caenorhabditis elegans zygote where the Gα subunit of the heterotrimeric G proteins and its binding partner - Pins in . Drosophila and GPR-1/2 in . C. elegans - are shown to be critical in governing spindle positioning and asymmetric cleavage of the mother cell. In mammalian system, although Gα and LGN (mammalian Pins homolog) are also required for spindle orientation, whether they can mediate asymmetric spindle positioning or asymmetric cleavage of the mother cell is not known. Here, by artificially targeting Gαi to the apical cortex in 3-D cultured MDCK cells, we established a system where asymmetric spindle positioning can be consistently induced. Interestingly, this asymmetrically positioned spindle does not lead to asymmetric cleavage; instead it results in equal sized daughter cells. Live cell time-lapse analysis revealed that anaphase spindle elongation compensated the original asymmetric spindle positioning. Our findings demonstrate that asymmetric spindle positioning does not necessarily lead to unequal sized daughter cells in mammalian system. We discuss potential mechanisms in generating unequal sized daughter cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)888-894
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume420
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 20 2012

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Keywords

  • Asymmetric spindle positioning
  • Cell division
  • Cleavage furrow
  • Cytokinesis
  • LGN

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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