Ganglioside GD3 and GD3-lactone mediated regulation of the intermolecular organization in mixed monolayers with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine

Bruno Maggio, Toshio Ariga, Reyna O. Calderón, Robert K. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interactions of dpPC with ganglioside GD3 and two lactones, GD3LacI or GD3LacII, in lipid monolayers occur with reduced, unaltered, or increased molecular area and surface potential/molecule, respectively. dpPC is fully miscible with GD3 and GD3LacI but films with GD3LacII show immiscibility above 75 mol% lactone. At low proportions of GD3 in mixtures with dpPC, GD3 undergoes condensation and depolarization; dpPC is depolarized and its molecular area is reduced above 50 mol% GD3. GD3LacI forms ideally mixed films with dpPC. Mixtures of dpPC with GD3LacII at mole fractions below O.3 show increased mean molecular area and surface potential/molecule mostly due to lactone alterations. Between mole fractions of 0.3 and 0.75 the surface parameters of dpPC are altered, and above these proportions both lipids are immiscible. Defined variations of molecular properties induced by ganglioside lactonization are selectively transduced to changes of the intermolecular organization and surface electrostatics in mixed interfaces with dpPC. Thus, changes in the relative proportions of a ganglioside and its lactone forms may act as sensitive biotransducers for membrane-mediated cellular functions, without the need for metabolically altering the concentration of gangliosides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry and Physics of Lipids
Volume90
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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