Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Rheumatological Diseases

Paul T. Kröner, Omar A. Tolaymat, Andrew W. Bowman, Andy Abril, Brian E. Lacy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Rheumatological diseases (RDs) represent a diverse group of diseases that are inherited or related to environmental factors. RDs frequently affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and gastroenterologists are often asked to evaluate patients with symptoms thought to represent an underlying or coexisting RD. GI manifestations of RDs vary based on the organ involved as well as the extent and duration of involvement. Although most manifestations of RD are nonspecific and not life-threatening, the chronicity and severity of symptoms can be debilitating and may lead to serious injury. This narrative review discusses the most common RD encountered by gastroenterologists: systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis (scleroderma), dermatomyositis/polymyositis, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome, overlap syndromes, mixed connective tissue disease, Ehlers-Danlos syndromes, and other vasculitides. Each section begins with a brief overview of the condition, followed by a discussion of the etiopathophysiology, physical examination findings, GI manifestations, diagnostic tools (i.e., serologic, imaging, endoscopic, and functional), and treatment options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1441-1454
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume114
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Systemic Scleroderma
Mixed Connective Tissue Disease
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
Dermatomyositis
Vasculitis
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Physical Examination
Gastrointestinal Tract
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Wounds and Injuries
Gastroenterologists
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Kröner, P. T., Tolaymat, O. A., Bowman, A. W., Abril, A., & Lacy, B. E. (2019). Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Rheumatological Diseases. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 114(9), 1441-1454. https://doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000260

Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Rheumatological Diseases. / Kröner, Paul T.; Tolaymat, Omar A.; Bowman, Andrew W.; Abril, Andy; Lacy, Brian E.

In: American Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol. 114, No. 9, 01.09.2019, p. 1441-1454.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Kröner, PT, Tolaymat, OA, Bowman, AW, Abril, A & Lacy, BE 2019, 'Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Rheumatological Diseases', American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 114, no. 9, pp. 1441-1454. https://doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000260
Kröner, Paul T. ; Tolaymat, Omar A. ; Bowman, Andrew W. ; Abril, Andy ; Lacy, Brian E. / Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Rheumatological Diseases. In: American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2019 ; Vol. 114, No. 9. pp. 1441-1454.
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