Identification of factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) cervical histopathology or recurrence/relapse following loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) would allow for better management of the disease. We investigated whether gene signatures could (i) associate with HPV cervical histopathology and (ii) identify women with post-LEEP disease recurrence/relapse. Gene array analysis was performed on paraffin-embedded cervical tissue-isolated RNA from two cross-sectional cohorts of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-suppressed HIV+HPV+ coinfected women: (i) 55 women in South Africa recruited into three groups: high risk (HR) (−) (n = 16) and HR (+) (n = 15) HPV without cervical histopathology and HR (+) HPV with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 1/2/3 (n = 24), (ii) 28 women in Botswana with CIN2/3 treated with LEEP 12-month prior to recruitment and presenting with (n = 13) and without (n = 15) lesion recurrence/relapse (tissue was analyzed at first LEEP). Three distinct gene expression signatures identified were able to segregate: (i) HR+ HPV and CIN1/2/3, (ii) HR HPV-free and cervical histopathology-free and (iii) HR+ HPV and cervical histopathology-free. Immune activation and neoplasia-associated genes (n = 272 genes; e.g. IL-1A, IL-8, TCAM1, POU4F1, MCM2, SMC1B, CXCL6, MMP12) were a feature of cancer precursor dysplasia within HR HPV infection. No difference in LEEP tissue gene expression was detected between women with or without recurrence/relapse. In conclusion, distinctive gene signatures were associated with presence of cervical histopathology in tissues from ART-suppressed HIV+/HPV+ coinfected women. Lack of detection of LEEP tissue gene signature able to segregate subsequent post-LEEP disease recurrence/relapse indicates additional factors independent of local gene expression as determinants of recurrence/relapse.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research