We performed a genomic study combining single-cell mRNA differential display and RNA subtractive hybridization to elucidate CD8 T-cell quiescence/ignorance. By comparing actively maintained quiescent CD8 T cells from liver tumour tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) with quiescent T cells at the single-cell level, we identified differentially expressed candidate genes by high-throughput screening and comparative analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs). While genes for the T-cell receptor, tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor, TNF-related apoptpsis inducing ligand (TRAIL) and perforin were down-regulated, key genes such as Tob, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, lung Krüpple-like factor (LKLF), Sno-A, Ski, Myc, Ets-2 repressor factor (ERF) and RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST/NRSF) complex were highly expressed in the quiescent TIL CD8 cells. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) further confirmed these results. A regulation model is proposed for actively maintained quiescence in CD8 T cells, including three components: up-regulation of the TGF-β pathway, a shift in the MYC web and inhibition of the cell cycle.
- Gene expression profiling
- T cells
- Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy