Glucose action and adrenocortical biosynthesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Lisa Farah-Eways, Rosario Reyna, Eric S. Knochenhauer, Alfred A. Bartolucci, Ricardo Azziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine if insulin or glucose action plays a role in adrenocortical steroidogenesis in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): Nine reproductive-aged patients with PCOS and nine age-, race-, and body mass index-matched controls. Main outcome measure(s): Insulin-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance testing and an acute 60-minute ACTH-(1-24) stimulation test. From the glucose tolerance test, glucose and insulin were measured and the insulin sensitivity index, glucose effectiveness, and acute insulin response to glucose were determined. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) basally and 17-hydroxypregnenolone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEA, androstenedione, and cortisol during ACTH testing at 0 and 60 minute (steroid0 and steroid60) were determined. The net change in steroid during the ACTH test was calculated. Result(s): The insulin sensitivity index had limited correlation with adrenocortical variables in both groups. In patients with PCOS, glucose effectiveness was positively associated with DHEAS, cortisol0, cortisol60, change in cortisol, DHEA0, DHEA60, change in DHEA, 17-hydroxyprenenolone 60, change in 17-hydroxypregnenolone, DHEA0, androstenedione0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone0, 17-hydroxyprogesterone0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone60, and 17-hydroxyprogesterone60. Conclusion(s): Adrenocortical biosynthesis, basally and in response to ACTH, appears to be closely associated with glucose effectiveness in PCOS. A common factor determining both the effectiveness of glucose to control its own production or uptake and adrenocortical biosynthesis may be aberrant in PCOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-125
Number of pages6
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

Fingerprint

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Glucose
17-alpha-Hydroxypregnenolone
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Insulin
Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
Dehydroepiandrosterone
Glucose Tolerance Test
Insulin Resistance
Hydrocortisone
Cosyntropin
17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone
Androstenedione
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Steroids
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • Adrenal
  • Glucose action
  • Insulin resistance
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Steroidogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Farah-Eways, L., Reyna, R., Knochenhauer, E. S., Bartolucci, A. A., & Azziz, R. (2004). Glucose action and adrenocortical biosynthesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertility and sterility, 81(1), 120-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.05.008

Glucose action and adrenocortical biosynthesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. / Farah-Eways, Lisa; Reyna, Rosario; Knochenhauer, Eric S.; Bartolucci, Alfred A.; Azziz, Ricardo.

In: Fertility and sterility, Vol. 81, No. 1, 01.2004, p. 120-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Farah-Eways, L, Reyna, R, Knochenhauer, ES, Bartolucci, AA & Azziz, R 2004, 'Glucose action and adrenocortical biosynthesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome', Fertility and sterility, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 120-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.05.008
Farah-Eways, Lisa ; Reyna, Rosario ; Knochenhauer, Eric S. ; Bartolucci, Alfred A. ; Azziz, Ricardo. / Glucose action and adrenocortical biosynthesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. In: Fertility and sterility. 2004 ; Vol. 81, No. 1. pp. 120-125.
@article{07e2d73ea2be403b99253bdd355e5897,
title = "Glucose action and adrenocortical biosynthesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome",
abstract = "Objective: To determine if insulin or glucose action plays a role in adrenocortical steroidogenesis in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): Nine reproductive-aged patients with PCOS and nine age-, race-, and body mass index-matched controls. Main outcome measure(s): Insulin-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance testing and an acute 60-minute ACTH-(1-24) stimulation test. From the glucose tolerance test, glucose and insulin were measured and the insulin sensitivity index, glucose effectiveness, and acute insulin response to glucose were determined. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) basally and 17-hydroxypregnenolone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEA, androstenedione, and cortisol during ACTH testing at 0 and 60 minute (steroid0 and steroid60) were determined. The net change in steroid during the ACTH test was calculated. Result(s): The insulin sensitivity index had limited correlation with adrenocortical variables in both groups. In patients with PCOS, glucose effectiveness was positively associated with DHEAS, cortisol0, cortisol60, change in cortisol, DHEA0, DHEA60, change in DHEA, 17-hydroxyprenenolone 60, change in 17-hydroxypregnenolone, DHEA0, androstenedione0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone0, 17-hydroxyprogesterone0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone60, and 17-hydroxyprogesterone60. Conclusion(s): Adrenocortical biosynthesis, basally and in response to ACTH, appears to be closely associated with glucose effectiveness in PCOS. A common factor determining both the effectiveness of glucose to control its own production or uptake and adrenocortical biosynthesis may be aberrant in PCOS.",
keywords = "Adrenal, Glucose action, Insulin resistance, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Steroidogenesis",
author = "Lisa Farah-Eways and Rosario Reyna and Knochenhauer, {Eric S.} and Bartolucci, {Alfred A.} and Ricardo Azziz",
year = "2004",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.05.008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "81",
pages = "120--125",
journal = "Fertility and Sterility",
issn = "0015-0282",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Glucose action and adrenocortical biosynthesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

AU - Farah-Eways, Lisa

AU - Reyna, Rosario

AU - Knochenhauer, Eric S.

AU - Bartolucci, Alfred A.

AU - Azziz, Ricardo

PY - 2004/1

Y1 - 2004/1

N2 - Objective: To determine if insulin or glucose action plays a role in adrenocortical steroidogenesis in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): Nine reproductive-aged patients with PCOS and nine age-, race-, and body mass index-matched controls. Main outcome measure(s): Insulin-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance testing and an acute 60-minute ACTH-(1-24) stimulation test. From the glucose tolerance test, glucose and insulin were measured and the insulin sensitivity index, glucose effectiveness, and acute insulin response to glucose were determined. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) basally and 17-hydroxypregnenolone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEA, androstenedione, and cortisol during ACTH testing at 0 and 60 minute (steroid0 and steroid60) were determined. The net change in steroid during the ACTH test was calculated. Result(s): The insulin sensitivity index had limited correlation with adrenocortical variables in both groups. In patients with PCOS, glucose effectiveness was positively associated with DHEAS, cortisol0, cortisol60, change in cortisol, DHEA0, DHEA60, change in DHEA, 17-hydroxyprenenolone 60, change in 17-hydroxypregnenolone, DHEA0, androstenedione0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone0, 17-hydroxyprogesterone0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone60, and 17-hydroxyprogesterone60. Conclusion(s): Adrenocortical biosynthesis, basally and in response to ACTH, appears to be closely associated with glucose effectiveness in PCOS. A common factor determining both the effectiveness of glucose to control its own production or uptake and adrenocortical biosynthesis may be aberrant in PCOS.

AB - Objective: To determine if insulin or glucose action plays a role in adrenocortical steroidogenesis in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): Nine reproductive-aged patients with PCOS and nine age-, race-, and body mass index-matched controls. Main outcome measure(s): Insulin-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance testing and an acute 60-minute ACTH-(1-24) stimulation test. From the glucose tolerance test, glucose and insulin were measured and the insulin sensitivity index, glucose effectiveness, and acute insulin response to glucose were determined. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) basally and 17-hydroxypregnenolone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, DHEA, androstenedione, and cortisol during ACTH testing at 0 and 60 minute (steroid0 and steroid60) were determined. The net change in steroid during the ACTH test was calculated. Result(s): The insulin sensitivity index had limited correlation with adrenocortical variables in both groups. In patients with PCOS, glucose effectiveness was positively associated with DHEAS, cortisol0, cortisol60, change in cortisol, DHEA0, DHEA60, change in DHEA, 17-hydroxyprenenolone 60, change in 17-hydroxypregnenolone, DHEA0, androstenedione0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone0, 17-hydroxyprogesterone0, 17-hydroxyprenenolone60, and 17-hydroxyprogesterone60. Conclusion(s): Adrenocortical biosynthesis, basally and in response to ACTH, appears to be closely associated with glucose effectiveness in PCOS. A common factor determining both the effectiveness of glucose to control its own production or uptake and adrenocortical biosynthesis may be aberrant in PCOS.

KW - Adrenal

KW - Glucose action

KW - Insulin resistance

KW - Polycystic ovary syndrome

KW - Steroidogenesis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0347356256&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0347356256&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.05.008

DO - 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.05.008

M3 - Article

C2 - 14711554

AN - SCOPUS:0347356256

VL - 81

SP - 120

EP - 125

JO - Fertility and Sterility

JF - Fertility and Sterility

SN - 0015-0282

IS - 1

ER -