Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) is known to modulate alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen type I message in osteoblastic-like cells. GIP effects on cell proliferation are not known. We report that GIP dose dependently stimulated 3H-thymidine incorporation in the osteoblastic-like cell line MG-63. Furthermore, GIP increased message and secretion of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), an agent known to regulate osteoblastic proliferation and differentiation. However, when GIP was added to MG-63 cells concurrently with a TGF-β neutralizing antibody, there was no effect on 3H-thymidine incorporation in these cells. These data demonstrate that GIP stimulates osteoblastic-like cell proliferation but that this effect is not mediated by TGF-β.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience