Green tea polyphenol induces caspase 14 in epidermal keratinocytes via MAPK pathways and reduces psoriasiform lesions in the flaky skin mouse model

Stephen Hsu, Douglas Dickinson, James Borke, Douglas S. Walsh, Joseph Wood, Haiyan Qin, Julia Winger, Henna Pearl, George Schuster, Wendy B Bollag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Psoriasiform lesions are characterized by hyperproliferation and aberrant differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes, accompanied by inflammation, leading to a disrupted skin barrier with an abnormal stratum corneum. The expression and proteolytic processing of caspase 14, a member of the caspase family which is associated with epithelial cell differentiation, planned cell death, and barrier formation, is altered in psoriatic epidermis. We recently reported that human psoriatic tissues lack normal expression of caspase 14 [ J Dermatol Sci 37 (2005) 61], and caspase 14 is induced by EGCG, a green tea polyphenol (GTP), in exponentially growing normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) [ J Pharmacol Exp Ther 315 (2005) 805]. This suggests that GTPs may have beneficial effects on psoriasiform lesions. The current study aimed to determine whether MAPK pathways are required for GTP-induced caspase 14 expression in NHEK and if GTPs can modulate the expression of pathological markers in the psoriasiform lesions that develop in the flaky skin mouse. The results indicate that the p38 and JNK MAPK pathways are required for EGCG-induced expression of caspase 14 in NHEK. Importantly, topical application of 0.5% GTPs significantly reduced the symptoms of epidermal pathology in the flaky skin mice, associated with efficient caspase 14 processing and reduction in proliferating cell nuclear antigen levels. This suggests that GTP-activated pathways may be potential targets for novel therapeutic approaches to the treatment of some psoriasiform skin disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-684
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Dermatology
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Keywords

  • Caspase 14
  • EGCG
  • Epidermal
  • Green tea
  • Keratinocyte polyphenols
  • Psoriasiform lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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