High dissociation rate constant of ferrous-dioxy complex linked to the catalase-like activity in lactoperoxidase

Semira Galijasevic, Ghassan M. Saed, Michael P. Diamond, Husam M. Abu-Soud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Heme reduction of ferric lactoperoxidase (LPO) into its ferrous form initially leads to the accumulation of the unstable form of LPO-Fe(II), which spontaneously converts to a more stable species, the two of which can be identified by Soret peaks at 440 and 434 nm, respectively. Our data demonstrate that both LPO-Fe(II) species are capable of binding O2 at a similar rate to generate the ferrous-dioxy complex. Its formation with respect to O 2 was first order and monophasic and with rate constants k on = 3.8 × 104 M-1 S-1 and koff = 11.2 s-1. The dissociation rate constant for the formation of LPO-Fe(II)-O2 is relatively high, in contrast to hemoprotein model compounds. This high dissociation rate can be attributed to a combination of effects that include the positive trans effect of the proximal ligand, the heme pocket environment, and the geometry of the Fe-O2 linkage. Our results have also shown that the decay of the LPO-Fe(II)-O 2 complex occurs by two sequential O2-independent steps. The first step involves formation of a short-lived intermediate that can be characterized by its Soret absorption peak at 416 nm and may be attributed to the weakening of the Fe(II)-O2 linkage with a rate constant of 0.5 s-1. The second step is spontaneous conversion of this intermediate to generate the native enzyme and presumably superoxide as end products with a rate constant of 0.03 s-1. A comprehensive kinetic model that links LPO-Fe(II)-O2 complex formation to the LPO catalase-like activity, combined with the classic catalytic cycle, is presented here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39465-39470
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 17 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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