High Methionine Diet Poses Cardiac Threat: A Molecular Insight

Pankaj Chaturvedi, Pradip K. Kamat, Anuradha Kalani, Anastasia Familtseva, Suresh C. Tyagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

High methionine diet (HMD) for example red meat which includes lamb, beef, pork can pose cardiac threat and vascular dysfunction but the mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesize that a diet rich in methionine can malfunction the cardiovascular system in three ways: (1) by augmenting oxidative stress; (2) by inflammatory manifestations; and (3) by matrix/vascular remodeling. To test this hypothesis we used four groups of mice: (1) WT; (2) WT+methionine; (3) CBS+/-; (4) CBS+/-+methionine. We observed high oxidative stress in mice fed with methionine which was even higher in CBS+/- and CBS+/-+methionine. Higher oxidative stress was indicated by high levels of SOD-1 in methionine fed mouse hearts whereas IL-1β, IL-6, TNFα, and TLR4 showed high inflammatory manifestations. The upregulated levels of eNOS/iNOS and upregulated levels of MMP2/MMP9 along with high collagen deposition indicated vascular and matrix remodeling in methionine fed mouse. We evaluated the cardiac function which was dysregulated in the mice fed with HMD. These mice had decreased ejection fraction and left ventricular dysfunction which subsequently leads to adverse cardiac remodeling. In conclusion, our study clearly shows that HMD poses a cardiac threat by increasing oxidative stress, inflammatory manifestations, matrix/vascular remodeling, and decreased cardiac function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1554-1561
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume231
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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