Graves' disease is known to be HLA-D associated; however, the primary loci involved remain unclear. We examined HLA genotypes of DRB1 and DQB1 plus DRB3 subtypes using PCR-based sequence-specific priming in two groups of North American (Gainesville, FL; and Toronto, Canada) Caucasian patients with Graves' disease. We stratified patients into those with either early age at onset (<20 yr; 13.1 ± 4.8 yr; n = 30) and later age at onset of disease (38.8 ± 9.7 yr; n = 62) and compared the results to 192 normal controls. As expected, we found that DRB1*03 was associated with Graves' disease, but at a higher odds ratios for early-onset than later-onset patients (3.7 vs. 2.2). The frequency of DRB1*08 was also increased in both groups of patients, but significantly so only in patients with early-onset Graves' (P = 0.001; X2 = 10.8). DRB3 was highly associated with Graves' in both groups of patients (P = 0.009; X2 = 6.83 and P = 0.0015; X2 = 10.1, respectively); however, the subtypes of DRB3 revealed differential susceptibilities. Whereas the frequencies of both DRB3*0101 and DRB3*0202 were increased over the entire cohort, that of DRB3*0301 was not. Significant P values were found for DRB3*0101 in patients with early-onset and for DRB3*0202 in patients with later onset of Graves' disease. When the haplotypes of DRB1*03-DRB3 of all subtypes were removed for analysis (all DRB1*03 positive also had DRB3*0101), the frequency of DRB3*0202 remained significantly higher in the patients with later onset of Graves' disease than in controls (P = 0.0043; X2 = 8.13), but DRB3 was no longer positively associated with the early-onset group. In addition, we found that DRB1*07 was negatively associated with both groups of patients (P = 0.024; X2 = 5.10 and P = 0.0085; X2 = 6.93). These data suggest that DRB3*0202 is more likely to be the primary susceptible locus than DRB1*03 for patients with later onset of Graves' disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical