Background: By consensus, HLA-G has a role in the induction of tolerance via interaction with dendritic cells and manipulation of co-stimulatory molecule expression. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that HLA-G modified dendritic cells exhibit a decreased ability to stimulate T-cells in vitro due to increased expression of B7-1, which provides regulatory signalling to T-cells as a consequence of binding CD28 and CD152 ligands. Methods: Bone-marrow cells were cultured from Brown Norway (BN) rat femurs and sorted with anti-rat dendritic cell Ab (OX62) microbeads. Isolated dendritic cells (DCs) were treated with HLA-G tetramer for 3 days. Initially, cells were plated with media, alloantigenic splenocytes, and T-cells and then observed in mixed lymphocyte reaction for thymidine uptake. Also, the cells were analyzed by flow cytometry using antibodies for MHC-II (IA), CD80, and CD86. Results: This study displays that HLA-G-modified DCs decrease induction of an alloproliferative response. In addition, this study demonstrated that HLA-G tetramer treatment decreases CD86 and permits expression of CD80 without altering MHC-II expression. Discussion: This study specifically investigated the role of B7-1 (CD80), showing that HLA-G treatment of immature DCs allows expression of B7-1 (CD80) without altering MHC-II expression and simultaneously decreases B7-2 (CD86) expression. Therefore, a low level of B7-2 (CD86) allows attenuation of T-cell response after activation, both of which are beneficial to immune tolerance. The selective expression of B7-1 (CD80) is important and may serve as a guide for future therapies aimed at transplant tolerance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jun 2008|
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