How to interpret the paediatric 12-lead ECG

Paraskevi Mikrou, Pushpa Shivaram, Constantinos Kanaris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


ECG interpretation is a core skill for any healthcare practitioner that looks after children. The article aims to educate the reader in basic interpretation of paediatric ECG in a succinct, interactive, organised manner in a way that it can be easily referenced and applied in everyday clinical practice. We include clinical examples as well as age and sex-related reference ranges for QT intervals, P-wave duration, Q-wave amplitude, QRS complex duration, R-wave and S-wave amplitude, R/S ratio and PR intervals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-287
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood: Education and Practice Edition
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • cardiology
  • intensive care units
  • paediatric
  • paediatric emergency medicine
  • paediatrics
  • physiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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