Hsp90 chaperone activity requires the full-length protein and interaction among its multiple domains

B. D. Johnson, A. Chadli, S. J. Felts, I. Bouhouche, M. G. Catelli, D. O. Toft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hsp90 is an abundant and ubiquitous protein involved in a diverse array of cellular processes. Mechanistically we understand little of the apparently complex interactions of this molecular chaperone. Recently, progress has been made in assigning some of the known functions of hsp90, such as nucleotide binding and peptide binding, to particular domains within the protein. We used fragments of hsp90 and chimeric proteins containing functional domains from hsp90 or its mitochondrial homolog, TRAP1, to study the requirements for this protein in the folding of firefly luciferase as well as in the prevention of citrate synthase aggregation. In agreement with others who have found peptide binding and limited chaperone ability in fragments of hsp90, we see that multiple fragments from hsp90 can prevent the aggregation of thermally denatured citrate synthase, a measure of passive chaperoning activity. However, in contrast to these results, the luciferase folding assay was found to be much more demanding. Here, folding is mediated by hsp70 and hsp40, requires ATP, and thus is a measure of active chaperoning. Hsp90 and the co-chaperone, Hop, enhance this process. This hsp90 activity was only observed using full-length hsp90 indicating that the cooperation of multiple functional domains is essential for active, chaperone-mediated folding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32499-32507
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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