Human periodontal ligament fibroblast response to PDGF-BB and IGF-1 application on tetracycline HCl conditioned root surfaces

Ahmed Y. Gamal, Jason M. Mailhot, Jerry J. Garnick, Richey Newhouse, Mohamed M. Sharawy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 2 growth factors, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), alone or in combination, on the adherence of human periodontal ligament fibroblast (PDL) to tetracycline HCl (TTC) conditioned and non-conditioned periodontally involved root surfaces. There were 80 root dentine chips from 80 patients, ranging from 35 to 70 years of age, each with one periodontally involved tooth requiring extraction. A root dentine chip was obtained from the subgingival surface opposite to the periodontal pocket of each extracted tooth. The dentine chips were randomly distributed into one of 8 groups. In group 1, PDL fibroblasts were cultured and allowed to attach on the dentine surface. In group 2, PDL fibroblasts were cultured on a PDGF-BB pre-treated dentine surface and in group 3, they were cultured on a IGF-1 pre-treated dentine surface. In group 4, PDL fibroblasts were cultured on a dentine surface pretreated with a combination of PDGF-BB and IGF-1. In group 5, PDL fibroblasts were cultured and allowed to attach on the TTC conditioned dentine surfaces. In groups 6 and 7, surface of dentine chips were conditioned with TTC and then were treated with PDGF-BB or IGF-1 respectively, followed by placement of PDL fibroblast and cultured. In group 8, dentine surfaces were conditioned with TTC and then pre-treated with a combination of PDGF-BB and IGF-1 before the fibroblasts were cultured. After 24 h of incubation, the media was removed and samples were fixed and processed for SEM at magnifications of X34, X750, X2000. Photographing and evaluation of samples was performed at X750 in which fibroblast adherence was measured by counting cells within a standard test area. The results of the non-TTC conditioned root surfaces demonstrated a significant increase in fibroblasts adherence in the PDGF-BB and combination PDGF-BB/IGF-1 treatment groups (groups 2, 4) when compared to the control (group 1) as well as the TTC control (group 5). The combination of PDGF-BB/ IGF-1 (group 4) did not significantly improve the adhesion of cells compared to PDGF-BB alone (group 2), but did significantly improve adhesion when compared to IGF-1 alone (group 3). There were no significant differences in cell morphology between the growth factor groups (groups 2, 3, 4) and control (group 1). In general, the cells demonstrated a flat, stellate-shaped morphology. The results of the TTC conditioned root surfaces, showed a statistically significant increase of cellular adherence in the PDGF-BB group (group 6) when compared to the TTC control (group 5), similar to the non-TTC group (group 2). However, the morphology of the cells in groups 5, 6, 7, and 8 demonstrated generally a rounded or oval shape with only an occasional cell exhibiting a flat form. In the experimental system of this study, the inclusion of PDGF-BB on the surface of dentine chips increased the number of adhering PDL cells, and the addition of TTC conditioning had little effect except to change the morphology of adhering cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-412
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1998

Keywords

  • Growth factors
  • HCl
  • Periodontal ligament fibroblasts
  • Tetracycline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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