Hurricane Katrina: Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes

Betty S. Lai, Ashwini Tiwari, Brooke A. Beaulieu, Shannon Self-Brown, Mary Lou Kelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors examined depression trajectories over two years among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina. Risk and protective factors for depression trajectories, as well as associations with child outcomes were analyzed. This study included 283 mothers (age at time 1, M = 39.20 years, SD = 7.21; 62 % African American). Mothers were assessed at four time points over two years following Hurricane Katrina. Mothers reported posttraumatic stress symptoms, hurricane exposure, traumatic life events, and social support at time 1. Depressive symptoms were modeled at times 2, 3, and 4. Youth reported their distress symptoms (posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety) at time 4. Latent class growth analyses identified three maternal depression trajectories among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina: low (61 %), resilient (29 %), and chronic (10 %). Social support was identified as a protective factor among mothers. Three main trajectories of maternal depression following Hurricane Katrina were identified. Social support was protective for mothers. Identified trajectories were not associated with children’s distress outcomes. These results have implications for disaster responses, screening efforts, and interventions targeted towards families. Future studies warrant the investigation of additional risk and protective factors that can affect maternal and child outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-523
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Psychology
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 6 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cyclonic Storms
Mothers
Depression
Social Support
Disasters
African Americans
Anxiety

Keywords

  • Children
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Disasters
  • Growth mixture modeling
  • Parents
  • Posttraumatic stress symptoms
  • Trajectories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Lai, B. S., Tiwari, A., Beaulieu, B. A., Self-Brown, S., & Kelley, M. L. (2015). Hurricane Katrina: Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes. Current Psychology, 34(3), 515-523. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-015-9338-6

Hurricane Katrina : Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes. / Lai, Betty S.; Tiwari, Ashwini; Beaulieu, Brooke A.; Self-Brown, Shannon; Kelley, Mary Lou.

In: Current Psychology, Vol. 34, No. 3, 06.06.2015, p. 515-523.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lai, BS, Tiwari, A, Beaulieu, BA, Self-Brown, S & Kelley, ML 2015, 'Hurricane Katrina: Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes', Current Psychology, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 515-523. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-015-9338-6
Lai BS, Tiwari A, Beaulieu BA, Self-Brown S, Kelley ML. Hurricane Katrina: Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes. Current Psychology. 2015 Jun 6;34(3):515-523. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-015-9338-6
Lai, Betty S. ; Tiwari, Ashwini ; Beaulieu, Brooke A. ; Self-Brown, Shannon ; Kelley, Mary Lou. / Hurricane Katrina : Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes. In: Current Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 515-523.
@article{70c325e019084a808b467524a6a01561,
title = "Hurricane Katrina: Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes",
abstract = "The authors examined depression trajectories over two years among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina. Risk and protective factors for depression trajectories, as well as associations with child outcomes were analyzed. This study included 283 mothers (age at time 1, M = 39.20 years, SD = 7.21; 62 {\%} African American). Mothers were assessed at four time points over two years following Hurricane Katrina. Mothers reported posttraumatic stress symptoms, hurricane exposure, traumatic life events, and social support at time 1. Depressive symptoms were modeled at times 2, 3, and 4. Youth reported their distress symptoms (posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety) at time 4. Latent class growth analyses identified three maternal depression trajectories among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina: low (61 {\%}), resilient (29 {\%}), and chronic (10 {\%}). Social support was identified as a protective factor among mothers. Three main trajectories of maternal depression following Hurricane Katrina were identified. Social support was protective for mothers. Identified trajectories were not associated with children’s distress outcomes. These results have implications for disaster responses, screening efforts, and interventions targeted towards families. Future studies warrant the investigation of additional risk and protective factors that can affect maternal and child outcomes.",
keywords = "Children, Depressive symptoms, Disasters, Growth mixture modeling, Parents, Posttraumatic stress symptoms, Trajectories",
author = "Lai, {Betty S.} and Ashwini Tiwari and Beaulieu, {Brooke A.} and Shannon Self-Brown and Kelley, {Mary Lou}",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s12144-015-9338-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "515--523",
journal = "Current Psychology",
issn = "1046-1310",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hurricane Katrina

T2 - Maternal Depression Trajectories and Child Outcomes

AU - Lai, Betty S.

AU - Tiwari, Ashwini

AU - Beaulieu, Brooke A.

AU - Self-Brown, Shannon

AU - Kelley, Mary Lou

PY - 2015/6/6

Y1 - 2015/6/6

N2 - The authors examined depression trajectories over two years among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina. Risk and protective factors for depression trajectories, as well as associations with child outcomes were analyzed. This study included 283 mothers (age at time 1, M = 39.20 years, SD = 7.21; 62 % African American). Mothers were assessed at four time points over two years following Hurricane Katrina. Mothers reported posttraumatic stress symptoms, hurricane exposure, traumatic life events, and social support at time 1. Depressive symptoms were modeled at times 2, 3, and 4. Youth reported their distress symptoms (posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety) at time 4. Latent class growth analyses identified three maternal depression trajectories among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina: low (61 %), resilient (29 %), and chronic (10 %). Social support was identified as a protective factor among mothers. Three main trajectories of maternal depression following Hurricane Katrina were identified. Social support was protective for mothers. Identified trajectories were not associated with children’s distress outcomes. These results have implications for disaster responses, screening efforts, and interventions targeted towards families. Future studies warrant the investigation of additional risk and protective factors that can affect maternal and child outcomes.

AB - The authors examined depression trajectories over two years among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina. Risk and protective factors for depression trajectories, as well as associations with child outcomes were analyzed. This study included 283 mothers (age at time 1, M = 39.20 years, SD = 7.21; 62 % African American). Mothers were assessed at four time points over two years following Hurricane Katrina. Mothers reported posttraumatic stress symptoms, hurricane exposure, traumatic life events, and social support at time 1. Depressive symptoms were modeled at times 2, 3, and 4. Youth reported their distress symptoms (posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety) at time 4. Latent class growth analyses identified three maternal depression trajectories among mothers exposed to Hurricane Katrina: low (61 %), resilient (29 %), and chronic (10 %). Social support was identified as a protective factor among mothers. Three main trajectories of maternal depression following Hurricane Katrina were identified. Social support was protective for mothers. Identified trajectories were not associated with children’s distress outcomes. These results have implications for disaster responses, screening efforts, and interventions targeted towards families. Future studies warrant the investigation of additional risk and protective factors that can affect maternal and child outcomes.

KW - Children

KW - Depressive symptoms

KW - Disasters

KW - Growth mixture modeling

KW - Parents

KW - Posttraumatic stress symptoms

KW - Trajectories

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84945486311&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84945486311&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12144-015-9338-6

DO - 10.1007/s12144-015-9338-6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84945486311

VL - 34

SP - 515

EP - 523

JO - Current Psychology

JF - Current Psychology

SN - 1046-1310

IS - 3

ER -