Hybrid system with stable structure of hard/soft tissue substitutes induces re-osseointegration in a rat model of biofilm-mediated peri-implantitis

Lianyi Xu, Xu Qin, Mahmood S. Mozaffari, Di Yan, Xiaojuan Sun, Yingguang Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Re-osseointegration of an infected/contaminated dental implant poses major clinical challenges. We tested the hypothesis that the application of an antibiotic-releasing construct, combined with hard/soft tissue replacement, increases the efficacy of reconstructive therapy. We initially fabricated semi-flexible hybrid constructs of β-TCP/PHBHHx, with tetracycline (TC) (TC amounts: 5%, 10%, and 15%). Thereafter, using in vitro assays, TC release profile, attachment to rat bone marrow-derived stem cells (rBMSCs) and their viability as well as anti-bacterial activity were determined. Thereafter, regenerative efficacies of the three hybrid constructs were assessed in a rat model of peri-implantitis induced by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans biofilm; control animals received β-TCP/Bio-Gide and TC injection. Eight weeks later, maxillae were obtained for radiological, histological, and histomorphometric analyses of peri-implant tissues. Sulcus bleeding index was chronologically recorded. Serum cytokines levels of IL-6 and IL-1β were also evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Substantial amounts of tetracycline, from hybrid constructs, were released for 2 weeks. The medium containing the released tetracycline did not affect the adhesion or viability of rBMSCs; however, it inhibited the proliferation of A. actinomycetemcomitans. Osteogenesis and osseointegration were more marked for the 15% hybrid construct group than the other two groups. The height of attachment and infiltration of inflammatory cells within fibrous tissue was significantly reduced in the experimental groups than the control group. Our protocol resulted in re-osseointegration on a biofilm-contaminated implant. Thus, an antibiotic releasing inorganic/organic construct may offer a therapeutic option to suppress infection and promote guided tissue regeneration thereby serving as an integrated multi-layer substitute for both hard/soft tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • bone substitutes
  • dental implant
  • osseointegration
  • peri-implantitis
  • regenerative treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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