Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) mediates angiogenesis by enhancing endothelial cell survival and migration. It is also known that Ang1 activates Tie2, an endothelial-specific tyrosine kinase receptor, but the molecular mechanism of this process is not clear. In this study, we investigated whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) production plays a role in Ang1-mediated angiogenesis. We found that human umbilical vein endothelial cells treated with Ang1 produce ROS transiently, which was suppressed by NADPH oxidase inhibitor, diphenyleneiodonium chloride, and rotenone. The Ang1-induced ROS was identified as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) using adenovirus-catalase infection. Removal of H2O2 by adenovirus-catalase significantly suppressed Ang1-induced in vitro endothelial cell migration, in vivo tubule formation and angiogenesis, and activation of p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), involved in cell migration, and delayed the deactivation of Akt phosphorylation involved in cell survival. Supporting to in vitro data, Ang1-induced vascular remodeling in catalase (-/-) mice was more prominent than in catalase (+/+) mice: Ang1-induced increases of the diameter of terminal arterioles and the postcapillary venules in catalase (-/-) mice were significant compared with catalase (+/+) mice. These results show that Ang1-induced H2O2 plays an important role in Ang1-mediated angiogenesis by modulating p44/42 MAPK activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research