Hyperthyroidism: a secondary cause of isolated systolic hypertension.

L. Michael Prisant, Jaspal S. Gujral, Anthony L. Mulloy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Isolated systolic hypertension is the most common form of hypertension, especially among patients 50 years or older. What is not appreciated is that there are secondary causes of isolated systolic hypertension. Hyperthyroidism increases systolic blood pressure by decreasing systemic vascular resistance, increasing heart rate, and raising cardiac output. Potential cardiovascular consequences of hyperthyroidism include atrial arrhythmias (especially atrial fibrillation), pulmonary hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and heart failure. The prevalence of hypertension is greater among hyperthyroid patients than euthyroid patients. Whether there is a blunted nocturnal decline in ambulatory blood pressure among hyperthyroid patients is more controversial. Treatment is associated with a reduction in systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)596-599
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.)
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

Hyperthyroidism
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Cardiac Output
Heart Rate
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Pulmonary Hypertension
Vascular Resistance
Atrial Fibrillation
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Heart Failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Hyperthyroidism : a secondary cause of isolated systolic hypertension. / Prisant, L. Michael; Gujral, Jaspal S.; Mulloy, Anthony L.

In: Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.), Vol. 8, No. 8, 01.01.2006, p. 596-599.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{a6ae718e22ab46ada077584fb3cf785f,
title = "Hyperthyroidism: a secondary cause of isolated systolic hypertension.",
abstract = "Isolated systolic hypertension is the most common form of hypertension, especially among patients 50 years or older. What is not appreciated is that there are secondary causes of isolated systolic hypertension. Hyperthyroidism increases systolic blood pressure by decreasing systemic vascular resistance, increasing heart rate, and raising cardiac output. Potential cardiovascular consequences of hyperthyroidism include atrial arrhythmias (especially atrial fibrillation), pulmonary hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and heart failure. The prevalence of hypertension is greater among hyperthyroid patients than euthyroid patients. Whether there is a blunted nocturnal decline in ambulatory blood pressure among hyperthyroid patients is more controversial. Treatment is associated with a reduction in systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output.",
author = "Prisant, {L. Michael} and Gujral, {Jaspal S.} and Mulloy, {Anthony L.}",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1524-6175.2006.05180.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "596--599",
journal = "Journal of the CardioMetabolic Syndrome",
issn = "1524-6175",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hyperthyroidism

T2 - a secondary cause of isolated systolic hypertension.

AU - Prisant, L. Michael

AU - Gujral, Jaspal S.

AU - Mulloy, Anthony L.

PY - 2006/1/1

Y1 - 2006/1/1

N2 - Isolated systolic hypertension is the most common form of hypertension, especially among patients 50 years or older. What is not appreciated is that there are secondary causes of isolated systolic hypertension. Hyperthyroidism increases systolic blood pressure by decreasing systemic vascular resistance, increasing heart rate, and raising cardiac output. Potential cardiovascular consequences of hyperthyroidism include atrial arrhythmias (especially atrial fibrillation), pulmonary hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and heart failure. The prevalence of hypertension is greater among hyperthyroid patients than euthyroid patients. Whether there is a blunted nocturnal decline in ambulatory blood pressure among hyperthyroid patients is more controversial. Treatment is associated with a reduction in systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output.

AB - Isolated systolic hypertension is the most common form of hypertension, especially among patients 50 years or older. What is not appreciated is that there are secondary causes of isolated systolic hypertension. Hyperthyroidism increases systolic blood pressure by decreasing systemic vascular resistance, increasing heart rate, and raising cardiac output. Potential cardiovascular consequences of hyperthyroidism include atrial arrhythmias (especially atrial fibrillation), pulmonary hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and heart failure. The prevalence of hypertension is greater among hyperthyroid patients than euthyroid patients. Whether there is a blunted nocturnal decline in ambulatory blood pressure among hyperthyroid patients is more controversial. Treatment is associated with a reduction in systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750957698&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33750957698&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1524-6175.2006.05180.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1524-6175.2006.05180.x

M3 - Review article

C2 - 16896276

AN - SCOPUS:33750957698

VL - 8

SP - 596

EP - 599

JO - Journal of the CardioMetabolic Syndrome

JF - Journal of the CardioMetabolic Syndrome

SN - 1524-6175

IS - 8

ER -