Identification of circulating microvesicle-encapsulated miR-223 as a potential novel biomarker for ARDS

Sultan Almuntashiri, Yohan Han, Hannah A. Youngblood, Aaron Chase, Yin Zhu, Xiaoyun Wang, Daniel F. Linder, Budder Siddiqui, Andrea Sikora, Yutao Liu, Duo Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a lethal disease with severe forms conferring a mortality rate approaching 40%. The initial phase of ARDS results in acute lung injury (ALI) characterized by a severe inflammatory response and exudative alveolar flooding due to pulmonary capillary leak. Timely therapies to reduce ARDS mortality are limited by the lack of laboratory-guided diagnostic biomarkers for ARDS. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of circulating microvesicles (MVs)-containing miR-223 (MV-miR-223) if indicate more severe lung injury and worse outcomes in ARDS patients. Human plasma samples from one hundred ARDS patients enrolled in Albuterol to Treat Acute Lung Injury (ALTA) trial were compared to a control group of twenty normal human plasma specimens. The amount of MV-miR-223 was measured using absolute real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with a standard curve. Mann–Whitney-Wilcoxon, Spearman correlation, Chi-squared tests, and Kaplan–Meier curves were computed to assess different variables and survival. Plasma levels of MV-miR-223 were significantly higher in ARDS patients compared to normal control subjects. Upon receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis of MV-miR-223 in relation to 30-day mortality, MV-miR-223 had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.7021 with an optimal cut-off value of 2.413 pg/ml. Patients with high MV-miR-223 had higher 30-day mortality than subjects with low MV-miR-223 levels. MV-miR-223 was negatively correlated with ICU-free days, ventilator-free days, and organ failure-free days. Patients with high MV-miR-223 levels had higher 30 and 90-day mortality. MV-miR-223 was associated with 28-day clinical outcomes of ALTA trial including ICU-free days, ventilator-free days, and organ failure-free days. Thus, circulating MV-miR-223 may be a potential biomarker in prognosticating patient-centered outcomes and predicting mortality in ARDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere15494
JournalPhysiological reports
Volume10
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • acute lung injury
  • extracellular vesicles
  • inflammation
  • microRNA
  • neutrophil
  • sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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