Identification of common and cell type specific LXXLL motif EcR cofactors using a bioinformatics refined candidate RNAi screen in Drosophila melanogaster cell lines

Melissa B Davis, Inigo Sangil, Grace Berry, Rashidat Olayokun, Lori H. Neves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: During Drosophila development, titers of the steroid ecdysone trigger and maintain temporal and tissue specific biological transitions. Decades of evidence reveal that the ecdysone response is both unique to specific tissues and distinct among developmental timepoints. To achieve this diversity in response, the several isoforms of the Ecdysone Receptor, which transduce the hormone signal to the genome level, are believed to interact with tissue specific cofactors. To date, little is known about the identity of these cofactor interactions; therefore, we conducted a bioinformatics informed, RNAi luciferase reporter screen against a subset of putative candidate cofactors identified through an in silico proteome screen. Candidates were chosen based on criteria obtained from bioinformatic consensus of known nuclear receptor cofactors and homologs, including amino acid sequence motif content and context. Results: The bioinformatics pre-screen of the Drosophila melanogaster proteome was successful in identifying an enriched putative candidate gene cohort. Over 80% of the genes tested yielded a positive hit in our reporter screen. We have identified both cell type specific and common cofactors which appear to be necessary for proper ecdysone induced gene regulation. We have determined that certain cofactors act as co-repressors to reduce target gene expression, while others act as co-activators to increase target gene expression. Interestingly, we find that a few of the cofactors shared among cell types have a reversible roles to function as co-repressors in certain cell types while in other cell types they serve as co-activators. Lastly, these proteins are highly conserved, with higher order organism homologs also harboring the LXXLL steroid receptor interaction domains, suggesting a highly conserved mode of steroid cell target specificity. Conclusions: In conclusion, we submit these cofactors as novel components of the ecdysone signaling pathway in order to further elucidate the dynamics of steroid specificity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number66
JournalBMC Developmental Biology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2011

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Ecdysone
RNA Interference
Computational Biology
Drosophila melanogaster
Cell Line
Co-Repressor Proteins
Steroids
Proteome
Genes
Gene Expression
Amino Acid Motifs
Steroid Receptors
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Luciferases
Computer Simulation
Drosophila
Protein Isoforms
Genome
Hormones
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Identification of common and cell type specific LXXLL motif EcR cofactors using a bioinformatics refined candidate RNAi screen in Drosophila melanogaster cell lines. / Davis, Melissa B; Sangil, Inigo; Berry, Grace; Olayokun, Rashidat; Neves, Lori H.

In: BMC Developmental Biology, Vol. 11, 66, 04.11.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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