Most basal cell neoplasms with follicular differentiation represent a heterogenous group of tumors. Although may arise anywhere in the skin, these neoplasms commonly occur on the head and neck regions. The majority of these neoplasms are basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and trichoepitheliomas (TE). Overlapping histopathologic features between these benign and malignant tumors are occasionally seen which may create problems in rendering a definitive diagnosis. The intent of this investigation was two-fold: 1) to examine whether there are quantitative differences of the cellular expression of Bcl-2, Ki67, PCNA and P53 between BCC and TE; and 2) to examine the value of these immunostains in differentiating between BCC and TE. Twenty cases of BCC were stained with antibodies for Bcl-2, Ki67, PCNA and P53. The positive cell indices and staining characteristic of these immunostains were compared with those of 20 cases of TE. The cell indices for each group were analyzed statistically utilizing the analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique. Intensity and patterns of Bcl-2 and P53 expression were similar between BCC and TE. The ANOVA analysis showed no statistically significant differences between cell indices for cases stained with antibodies for Bcl-2 and P53 (p = 0.49 and p = 0.87 respectively) in the two neoplastic groups. There were intense labelling and generalized patterns of Ki67 and PCNA expression in BCC. Conversly, Ki67- and PCNA-labelled cells were much fewer in TEs than those noted in BCCs. Additionally, Ki67- and PCNA-positive cells were limited to the peripheral layers of the neoplastic islands of TEs. There were statistically significant differences between cell indices for cases stained with antibodies for Ki67 and PCNA (p = 0.02 and p = 0.05 respectively) in the two neoplastic groups. BCC and TE exhibited comparable expressions of Bcl-2 and P53 with similar intensity of labelling and patterns of distribution. This suggests possible similar mechanisms of growth regulation in both neoplasms. However, Ki67 and PCNA labelling was noted with significantly increased numbers and recognizably different patterns in BCCs compared to TEs. This may help explain the significant capabilities in tumor proliferation and the aggressive behavior of BCC compared to the limited growth potential of TE. Additionally, Ki67 and PCNA staining intensity and charactristics may have some value in differentiating between BCC and TE.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Cutaneous Pathology|
|State||Published - Apr 3 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine