Impact of age, location, and bicycle style on helmet usage by adults

Mark H. Ebell, Koosh Desai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Our objective was to describe current patterns of bicycle helmet usage in a university community using a direct observation approach.Participants: Cyclists in a university community observed in 2010 and 2011.Methods: We identified 6 locations in Athens, Georgia, and recorded the type of bicycle, age group, sex, and helmet usage of passing cyclists. We performed univariate and multivariate analysis to identify independent predictors of helmet usage.Results: We observed 433 cyclists: 74 percent male, 74 percent college age, and 45 percent of whom wore a helmet. Helmet usage varied by bicycle type, location of observation, and age group. Independent predictors of bike helmet were on-campus location (0.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.22-0.66), college-age rider (0.29, 95% CI: 0.15-0.54), and use of a city or leisure bike (0.39, 95% CI: 0.23-0.65).Conclusions: College-age riders, riders on campus, and those riding a city or leisure-style bike are less likely to wear a helmet. Health promotion efforts aimed at increasing helmet usage should target these groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-154
Number of pages5
JournalTraffic Injury Prevention
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Fingerprint

Head Protective Devices
Bicycles
bicycle
confidence
age group
Wear of materials
university
target group
multivariate analysis
health promotion
community
Leisure Activities
Confidence Intervals
Health
Age Groups
Observation
Health Promotion
Multivariate Analysis

Keywords

  • Bicycling
  • Head safety
  • Helmet usage
  • Traffic safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Impact of age, location, and bicycle style on helmet usage by adults. / Ebell, Mark H.; Desai, Koosh.

In: Traffic Injury Prevention, Vol. 13, No. 2, 01.03.2012, p. 150-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ebell, Mark H. ; Desai, Koosh. / Impact of age, location, and bicycle style on helmet usage by adults. In: Traffic Injury Prevention. 2012 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 150-154.
@article{e63f756540394edf957f38193980cf26,
title = "Impact of age, location, and bicycle style on helmet usage by adults",
abstract = "Objective: Our objective was to describe current patterns of bicycle helmet usage in a university community using a direct observation approach.Participants: Cyclists in a university community observed in 2010 and 2011.Methods: We identified 6 locations in Athens, Georgia, and recorded the type of bicycle, age group, sex, and helmet usage of passing cyclists. We performed univariate and multivariate analysis to identify independent predictors of helmet usage.Results: We observed 433 cyclists: 74 percent male, 74 percent college age, and 45 percent of whom wore a helmet. Helmet usage varied by bicycle type, location of observation, and age group. Independent predictors of bike helmet were on-campus location (0.38, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 0.22-0.66), college-age rider (0.29, 95{\%} CI: 0.15-0.54), and use of a city or leisure bike (0.39, 95{\%} CI: 0.23-0.65).Conclusions: College-age riders, riders on campus, and those riding a city or leisure-style bike are less likely to wear a helmet. Health promotion efforts aimed at increasing helmet usage should target these groups.",
keywords = "Bicycling, Head safety, Helmet usage, Traffic safety",
author = "Ebell, {Mark H.} and Koosh Desai",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15389588.2011.644255",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "150--154",
journal = "Traffic Injury Prevention",
issn = "1538-9588",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of age, location, and bicycle style on helmet usage by adults

AU - Ebell, Mark H.

AU - Desai, Koosh

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - Objective: Our objective was to describe current patterns of bicycle helmet usage in a university community using a direct observation approach.Participants: Cyclists in a university community observed in 2010 and 2011.Methods: We identified 6 locations in Athens, Georgia, and recorded the type of bicycle, age group, sex, and helmet usage of passing cyclists. We performed univariate and multivariate analysis to identify independent predictors of helmet usage.Results: We observed 433 cyclists: 74 percent male, 74 percent college age, and 45 percent of whom wore a helmet. Helmet usage varied by bicycle type, location of observation, and age group. Independent predictors of bike helmet were on-campus location (0.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.22-0.66), college-age rider (0.29, 95% CI: 0.15-0.54), and use of a city or leisure bike (0.39, 95% CI: 0.23-0.65).Conclusions: College-age riders, riders on campus, and those riding a city or leisure-style bike are less likely to wear a helmet. Health promotion efforts aimed at increasing helmet usage should target these groups.

AB - Objective: Our objective was to describe current patterns of bicycle helmet usage in a university community using a direct observation approach.Participants: Cyclists in a university community observed in 2010 and 2011.Methods: We identified 6 locations in Athens, Georgia, and recorded the type of bicycle, age group, sex, and helmet usage of passing cyclists. We performed univariate and multivariate analysis to identify independent predictors of helmet usage.Results: We observed 433 cyclists: 74 percent male, 74 percent college age, and 45 percent of whom wore a helmet. Helmet usage varied by bicycle type, location of observation, and age group. Independent predictors of bike helmet were on-campus location (0.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.22-0.66), college-age rider (0.29, 95% CI: 0.15-0.54), and use of a city or leisure bike (0.39, 95% CI: 0.23-0.65).Conclusions: College-age riders, riders on campus, and those riding a city or leisure-style bike are less likely to wear a helmet. Health promotion efforts aimed at increasing helmet usage should target these groups.

KW - Bicycling

KW - Head safety

KW - Helmet usage

KW - Traffic safety

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859607252&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859607252&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15389588.2011.644255

DO - 10.1080/15389588.2011.644255

M3 - Article

C2 - 22458793

AN - SCOPUS:84859607252

VL - 13

SP - 150

EP - 154

JO - Traffic Injury Prevention

JF - Traffic Injury Prevention

SN - 1538-9588

IS - 2

ER -