Impact of alternative footwear on human balance

Harish Chander, Cody Edward Morris, Samuel J. Wilson, John C. Garner, Chip Wade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alternative footwear are those that are most commonly used for casual or recreational purposes, over the course of the day. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of three forms of alternative footwear (thong style flip-flops, clog style Crocs®, and Vibram Five-Fingers®) on balance with a low-intensity workload. Eighteen healthy male adults (age: 22.9 ± 2.88 years; height: 179 ± 6.0 cm; mass: 81.3 ± 8.8 kg) participated in this study. Balance performance along with electromyographic (EMG) measures was assessed with sensory organization test (SOT) and motor control test on the Neurocom Equitest, while donning alternative footwear, prior to and after a one-mile walk at a self-selected pace. Sway velocities and root-mean-square sway, SOT equilibrium scores, postural response latencies, and EMG measures from lower leg muscles were analysed using a 3 × 2 (footwear × time) repeated-measures ANOVA. Results from balance variables revealed a significant main effect difference for footwear in the eyes closed and eyes open sway-referenced vision conditions and a significant main effect difference for time in the eyes open, eyes open sway-referenced vision, and eyes open sway-referenced platform conditions. Pairwise comparisons revealed MIN demonstrating significantly greater balance performance in the pretest condition and the post-test demonstrating significantly lower balance performance. Greater balance performance from MIN could be attributed to the barefoot design suggesting an increase in somatosensory feedback from the plantar surface, particularly during absent or conflicting visual feedback. The lower balance performance seen in post-test could be attributed to the one-mile walk, suggesting that even a transient physiological workload could be sufficient to cause balance decrements in alternative footwear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-174
Number of pages10
JournalFootwear Science
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

Feedback
Flip flop circuits
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Muscle
Workload
Postural Balance
performance
Sensory Feedback
workload
Fingers
Reaction Time
Leg
Analysis of Variance
organization
Muscles
cause
time

Keywords

  • centre of pressure
  • fatigue effects
  • minimal footwear
  • postural sway
  • walking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Chander, H., Morris, C. E., Wilson, S. J., Garner, J. C., & Wade, C. (2016). Impact of alternative footwear on human balance. Footwear Science, 8(3), 165-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424280.2016.1195881

Impact of alternative footwear on human balance. / Chander, Harish; Morris, Cody Edward; Wilson, Samuel J.; Garner, John C.; Wade, Chip.

In: Footwear Science, Vol. 8, No. 3, 01.09.2016, p. 165-174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chander, H, Morris, CE, Wilson, SJ, Garner, JC & Wade, C 2016, 'Impact of alternative footwear on human balance', Footwear Science, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 165-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424280.2016.1195881
Chander H, Morris CE, Wilson SJ, Garner JC, Wade C. Impact of alternative footwear on human balance. Footwear Science. 2016 Sep 1;8(3):165-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424280.2016.1195881
Chander, Harish ; Morris, Cody Edward ; Wilson, Samuel J. ; Garner, John C. ; Wade, Chip. / Impact of alternative footwear on human balance. In: Footwear Science. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 165-174.
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