Impact of breathing awareness meditation on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium handling in prehypertensive African American adolescents

Vernon A. Barnes, Robert A Pendergrast, Gregory A Harshfield, Frank A. Treiber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study evaluated the impact of a breathing awareness meditation (BAM) program on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium handling in African American adolescents with high-normal systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels. Design and Methods: Following three consecutive days of SBP screenings, 66 eligible ninth graders were randomly assigned by school to either BAM (n=20) or health education control (n=46) groups. The BAM group engaged in 10- minute BAM sessions at school and at home each day for three months. Teachers conducted sessions at school during health classes. Before and after the intervention, overnight urine samples were collected, and ambulatory SBP, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate were recorded periodically for 24 hours. Results: Significant changes before and after the intervention were observed between BAM and control groups for SBP during school hours (-4.7 vs .9 mm Hg, P<.05), SBP at night (-4.8 vs -.6 mm Hg, P<.01), and heart rate during school hours (-6.7 vs -2.3 bpm, P<.02), adjusted for their respective pre- intervention levels. The overnight urinary sodium excretion rate decreased in the BAM group but increased in the control group (-.3 ±4.9 vs 1.1 ±4.0 mEq/hour, P<.03). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate the potential beneficial impact of BAM taught by school health teachers on blood pressure control in the natural environment in African American youth at risk for development of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume18
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Fingerprint

Meditation
African Americans
Respiration
Sodium
Blood Pressure
School Health Services
Handling (Psychology)
Heart Rate
Control Groups
Health Education

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • African American
  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Clinical trials
  • Hypertension
  • Meditation
  • Sodium handling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{c614a5faf92e403783476d3d2e987a27,
title = "Impact of breathing awareness meditation on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium handling in prehypertensive African American adolescents",
abstract = "Objectives: This study evaluated the impact of a breathing awareness meditation (BAM) program on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium handling in African American adolescents with high-normal systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels. Design and Methods: Following three consecutive days of SBP screenings, 66 eligible ninth graders were randomly assigned by school to either BAM (n=20) or health education control (n=46) groups. The BAM group engaged in 10- minute BAM sessions at school and at home each day for three months. Teachers conducted sessions at school during health classes. Before and after the intervention, overnight urine samples were collected, and ambulatory SBP, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate were recorded periodically for 24 hours. Results: Significant changes before and after the intervention were observed between BAM and control groups for SBP during school hours (-4.7 vs .9 mm Hg, P<.05), SBP at night (-4.8 vs -.6 mm Hg, P<.01), and heart rate during school hours (-6.7 vs -2.3 bpm, P<.02), adjusted for their respective pre- intervention levels. The overnight urinary sodium excretion rate decreased in the BAM group but increased in the control group (-.3 ±4.9 vs 1.1 ±4.0 mEq/hour, P<.03). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate the potential beneficial impact of BAM taught by school health teachers on blood pressure control in the natural environment in African American youth at risk for development of hypertension.",
keywords = "Adolescents, African American, Blood pressure monitoring, Clinical trials, Hypertension, Meditation, Sodium handling",
author = "Barnes, {Vernon A.} and Pendergrast, {Robert A} and Harshfield, {Gregory A} and Treiber, {Frank A.}",
year = "2008",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "1--5",
journal = "Ethnicity and Disease",
issn = "1049-510X",
publisher = "ISHIB",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of breathing awareness meditation on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium handling in prehypertensive African American adolescents

AU - Barnes, Vernon A.

AU - Pendergrast, Robert A

AU - Harshfield, Gregory A

AU - Treiber, Frank A.

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - Objectives: This study evaluated the impact of a breathing awareness meditation (BAM) program on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium handling in African American adolescents with high-normal systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels. Design and Methods: Following three consecutive days of SBP screenings, 66 eligible ninth graders were randomly assigned by school to either BAM (n=20) or health education control (n=46) groups. The BAM group engaged in 10- minute BAM sessions at school and at home each day for three months. Teachers conducted sessions at school during health classes. Before and after the intervention, overnight urine samples were collected, and ambulatory SBP, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate were recorded periodically for 24 hours. Results: Significant changes before and after the intervention were observed between BAM and control groups for SBP during school hours (-4.7 vs .9 mm Hg, P<.05), SBP at night (-4.8 vs -.6 mm Hg, P<.01), and heart rate during school hours (-6.7 vs -2.3 bpm, P<.02), adjusted for their respective pre- intervention levels. The overnight urinary sodium excretion rate decreased in the BAM group but increased in the control group (-.3 ±4.9 vs 1.1 ±4.0 mEq/hour, P<.03). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate the potential beneficial impact of BAM taught by school health teachers on blood pressure control in the natural environment in African American youth at risk for development of hypertension.

AB - Objectives: This study evaluated the impact of a breathing awareness meditation (BAM) program on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium handling in African American adolescents with high-normal systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels. Design and Methods: Following three consecutive days of SBP screenings, 66 eligible ninth graders were randomly assigned by school to either BAM (n=20) or health education control (n=46) groups. The BAM group engaged in 10- minute BAM sessions at school and at home each day for three months. Teachers conducted sessions at school during health classes. Before and after the intervention, overnight urine samples were collected, and ambulatory SBP, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate were recorded periodically for 24 hours. Results: Significant changes before and after the intervention were observed between BAM and control groups for SBP during school hours (-4.7 vs .9 mm Hg, P<.05), SBP at night (-4.8 vs -.6 mm Hg, P<.01), and heart rate during school hours (-6.7 vs -2.3 bpm, P<.02), adjusted for their respective pre- intervention levels. The overnight urinary sodium excretion rate decreased in the BAM group but increased in the control group (-.3 ±4.9 vs 1.1 ±4.0 mEq/hour, P<.03). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate the potential beneficial impact of BAM taught by school health teachers on blood pressure control in the natural environment in African American youth at risk for development of hypertension.

KW - Adolescents

KW - African American

KW - Blood pressure monitoring

KW - Clinical trials

KW - Hypertension

KW - Meditation

KW - Sodium handling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=47549100402&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=47549100402&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 1

EP - 5

JO - Ethnicity and Disease

JF - Ethnicity and Disease

SN - 1049-510X

IS - 1

ER -