Impact of sex and pathophysiology on optimal drug choice in hypertensive rats: quantitative insights for precision medicine

Sameed Ahmed, Jennifer C. Sullivan, Anita T. Layton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Less than half of all hypertensive patients receiving treatment are successful in normalizing their blood pressure. Despite the complexity and heterogeneity of hypertension, the current antihypertensive guidelines are not tailored to the individual patient. As a step toward individualized treatment, we develop a quantitative systems pharmacology model of blood pressure regulation in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and generate sex-specific virtual populations of SHRs to account for the heterogeneity between the sexes and within the pathophysiology of hypertension. We then used the mechanistic model integrated with machine learning tools to study how variability in these mechanisms leads to differential responses in rodents to the four primary classes of antihypertensive drugs. We found that both the sex and the pathophysiological profile of the individual play a major role in the response to hypertensive treatments. These results provide insight into potential areas to apply precision medicine in human primary hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102341
JournaliScience
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2021

Keywords

  • Finding by Site
  • In Silico Biology
  • Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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