Impact of system-level changes and training on alcohol screening and brief intervention in a family medicine residency clinic: A pilot study

James Aaron Johnson, James Paul Seale, Sylvia Shellenberger, Maribeth Hamrick, Robert Lott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although screening and brief intervention (SBI) are effective in reducing unhealthy alcohol use, major challenges exist in implementing clinician-delivered SBI in primary care settings. This 2006-2007 pilot study describes the impact of systems changes and booster trainings designed to increase SBI rates in a family medicine residency clinic which annually screened adults with a self-administered AUDIT-C questionnaire and used paper prompts to encourage physician interventions for patients with positive screens. Methods: Investigators added the Single Alcohol Screening Question (SASQ) to nursing vital signs forms, added a checkbox for documenting brief interventions to the clinicians' outpatient encounter form, and conducted one-hour nurse and clinician booster trainings. Impact was measured using chart reviews conducted before implementing systems changes, then six weeks and six months post-implementation. Results: At all three time points screening rates using AUDIT-C plus SASQ exceeded 90%, however AUDIT-C screening decreased to 85% after 6 months (p=.025). Identification of unhealthy alcohol users increased from 4% to 22.9% at six weeks and 18.8% at six months (p=.002) using both screens. Nursing vital signs screening using the SASQ reached 71.4% six weeks after implementation but decreased to 45.5% at six months. Changes in clinician brief intervention rates did not achieve statistical significance. Conclusions: This is the second study reporting sustained primary care alcohol screening rates of more than 90%. Screening patients with SASQ and/or AUDIT-C identified a higher percentage of patients with unhealthy alcohol use. Dissemination of effective strategies for identifying unhealthy alcohol users should continue, while future research should focus on identifying more effective strategies for increasing intervention rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9
JournalSubstance Abuse: Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Alcohol screening
  • Brief intervention
  • Chart review
  • Medical education
  • Resident training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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