Impact of transcendental meditation on left ventricular mass in African American adolescents

Vernon A. Barnes, Kakota Gaston Kapuku, Frank A. Treiber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. An early sign of ventricular remodeling is increased left ventricular mass (LVM) which over time may lead to left ventricular hypertrophy, the strongest predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, other than advancing age. Methods. 62 (30 TM; 32 CTL) African American adolescents (age 16.2±1.3 years) with high normal systolic BP were randomly assigned to either 4-month Transcendental Meditation (TM) or health education control groups. The echocardiographic-derived measure of LVM index (LVMI = LVM/ht 2.7) was measured before and after the 4-month TM study and at 4-month followup. 2D-guided M-mode echocardiography using a Hewlett Packard 5500 echosonograph was used to determine LVMI. Results. The TM group exhibited a greater decrease in LVMI at 4-month followup compared to the CTL group (-2.6 versus +0.3gm/ht 2.7, P<0.04). The TM group exhibited a lesser increase in BMI at 4-month follow-up compared to the CTL group (0.2±1.6 versus 1.1±1.4, P<0.03). Conclusion. These findings indicate that among a group of prehypertensive African American adolescents, 4 months of TM compared to heath education resulted in a significant decrease in LVMI, and these changes were maintained at 4-month follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number923153
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2012
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2012

Fingerprint

Meditation
African Americans
Ventricular Remodeling
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Health Education
Echocardiography
Morbidity
Education
Control Groups
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

Impact of transcendental meditation on left ventricular mass in African American adolescents. / Barnes, Vernon A.; Kapuku, Kakota Gaston; Treiber, Frank A.

In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 2012, 923153, 20.06.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{25bc7bbfc5e24cd0a2dd8f591899c82b,
title = "Impact of transcendental meditation on left ventricular mass in African American adolescents",
abstract = "Background. An early sign of ventricular remodeling is increased left ventricular mass (LVM) which over time may lead to left ventricular hypertrophy, the strongest predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, other than advancing age. Methods. 62 (30 TM; 32 CTL) African American adolescents (age 16.2±1.3 years) with high normal systolic BP were randomly assigned to either 4-month Transcendental Meditation (TM) or health education control groups. The echocardiographic-derived measure of LVM index (LVMI = LVM/ht 2.7) was measured before and after the 4-month TM study and at 4-month followup. 2D-guided M-mode echocardiography using a Hewlett Packard 5500 echosonograph was used to determine LVMI. Results. The TM group exhibited a greater decrease in LVMI at 4-month followup compared to the CTL group (-2.6 versus +0.3gm/ht 2.7, P<0.04). The TM group exhibited a lesser increase in BMI at 4-month follow-up compared to the CTL group (0.2±1.6 versus 1.1±1.4, P<0.03). Conclusion. These findings indicate that among a group of prehypertensive African American adolescents, 4 months of TM compared to heath education resulted in a significant decrease in LVMI, and these changes were maintained at 4-month follow-up.",
author = "Barnes, {Vernon A.} and Kapuku, {Kakota Gaston} and Treiber, {Frank A.}",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1155/2012/923153",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2012",
journal = "Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine",
issn = "1741-427X",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of transcendental meditation on left ventricular mass in African American adolescents

AU - Barnes, Vernon A.

AU - Kapuku, Kakota Gaston

AU - Treiber, Frank A.

PY - 2012/6/20

Y1 - 2012/6/20

N2 - Background. An early sign of ventricular remodeling is increased left ventricular mass (LVM) which over time may lead to left ventricular hypertrophy, the strongest predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, other than advancing age. Methods. 62 (30 TM; 32 CTL) African American adolescents (age 16.2±1.3 years) with high normal systolic BP were randomly assigned to either 4-month Transcendental Meditation (TM) or health education control groups. The echocardiographic-derived measure of LVM index (LVMI = LVM/ht 2.7) was measured before and after the 4-month TM study and at 4-month followup. 2D-guided M-mode echocardiography using a Hewlett Packard 5500 echosonograph was used to determine LVMI. Results. The TM group exhibited a greater decrease in LVMI at 4-month followup compared to the CTL group (-2.6 versus +0.3gm/ht 2.7, P<0.04). The TM group exhibited a lesser increase in BMI at 4-month follow-up compared to the CTL group (0.2±1.6 versus 1.1±1.4, P<0.03). Conclusion. These findings indicate that among a group of prehypertensive African American adolescents, 4 months of TM compared to heath education resulted in a significant decrease in LVMI, and these changes were maintained at 4-month follow-up.

AB - Background. An early sign of ventricular remodeling is increased left ventricular mass (LVM) which over time may lead to left ventricular hypertrophy, the strongest predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, other than advancing age. Methods. 62 (30 TM; 32 CTL) African American adolescents (age 16.2±1.3 years) with high normal systolic BP were randomly assigned to either 4-month Transcendental Meditation (TM) or health education control groups. The echocardiographic-derived measure of LVM index (LVMI = LVM/ht 2.7) was measured before and after the 4-month TM study and at 4-month followup. 2D-guided M-mode echocardiography using a Hewlett Packard 5500 echosonograph was used to determine LVMI. Results. The TM group exhibited a greater decrease in LVMI at 4-month followup compared to the CTL group (-2.6 versus +0.3gm/ht 2.7, P<0.04). The TM group exhibited a lesser increase in BMI at 4-month follow-up compared to the CTL group (0.2±1.6 versus 1.1±1.4, P<0.03). Conclusion. These findings indicate that among a group of prehypertensive African American adolescents, 4 months of TM compared to heath education resulted in a significant decrease in LVMI, and these changes were maintained at 4-month follow-up.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862270517&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862270517&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1155/2012/923153

DO - 10.1155/2012/923153

M3 - Article

C2 - 22675392

AN - SCOPUS:84862270517

VL - 2012

JO - Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

JF - Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

SN - 1741-427X

M1 - 923153

ER -