Impact of transcendental meditation on psychotropic medication use among active duty military service members with anxiety and PTSD

Vernon A. Barnes, Andrea Monto, Jennifer J. Williams, John L. Rigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine whether the regular practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) decreased the need for psychotropic medications required for anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) management and increased psychological wellbeing. The sample included 74 military Service Members with documented PTSD or anxiety disorder not otherwise specified (ADNOS), 37 that practiced TM and 37 that did not. At 1 month, 83.7% of the TM group stabilized, decreased, or ceased medications and 10.8% increased medication dosage; compared with 59.4% of controls that showed stabilizations, decreases, or cessations; and 40.5% that increased medications (p <0.03). A similar pattern was observed after 2 (p <0.27), 3 (p <0.002), and 6 months (p <0.34). Notably, there was a 20.5% difference between groups in severity of psychological symptoms after 6 months, that is, the control group experienced an increase in symptom severity compared with the group practicing TM. These findings provide insight into the benefits of TM as a viable treatment modality in military treatment facilities for reducing PTSD and ADNOS psychological symptoms and associated medication use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalMilitary Medicine
Volume181
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Meditation
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Anxiety
Psychology
Anxiety Disorders
Military Facilities
Control Groups
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Impact of transcendental meditation on psychotropic medication use among active duty military service members with anxiety and PTSD. / Barnes, Vernon A.; Monto, Andrea; Williams, Jennifer J.; Rigg, John L.

In: Military Medicine, Vol. 181, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 56-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barnes, Vernon A. ; Monto, Andrea ; Williams, Jennifer J. ; Rigg, John L. / Impact of transcendental meditation on psychotropic medication use among active duty military service members with anxiety and PTSD. In: Military Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 181, No. 1. pp. 56-63.
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