Impaired microRNA processing facilitates breast cancer cell invasion by upregulating urokinase-type plasminogen activator expression

Hyangsoon Noh, Sungguan Hong, Zheng Dong, Zhixing K. Pan, Qing Jing, Shuang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Global mature microRNA (miRNA) expression is downregulated in cancers, and impaired miRNA processing enhances cancer cell proliferation. These findings indicate that the miRNA system generally serves as a negative regulator during cancer progression. In this study, we investigated the role of the miRNA system in cancer cell invasion by determining the effect of damaging miRNA processing on invasion-essential urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) expression in breast cancer cells. Short hairpin RNAs specific for Drosha, DGCR8, and Dicer, key components of miRNA processing machinery, were introduced into 2 breast cancer cell lines with high uPA expression and 2 lines with poor uPA expression. Knockdown of Drosha, DGCR8, or Dicer led to even higher uPA expression in cells with high uPA expression, while it was unable to increase uPA level in cells with poor uPA expression, suggesting that the miRNA system most likely impacts uPA expression as a facilitator. In cells with high uPA expression, knockdown of Drosha, DGCR8, or Dicer substantially increased in vitro invasion, and depleting uPA abrogated enhanced invasion. These results thus link the augmented invasion conferred by impaired miRNA processing to upregulated uPA expression. uPA mRNA was a direct target of miR-193a/b and miR-181a, and a higher uPA level in cells with impaired miRNA processing resulted from less mature miR-193a/b and miR-181a processed from their respective primary miRNAs. Importantly, the levels of mature miR-193a, miR-193b, and miR-181a, but not their respective primary miRNAs, were lower in high uPA-expressing cells compared to cells with low uPA expression, and this apparently attributed to lower Drosha/DGCR8 expression in high uPA-expressing cells. This study suggests that less efficient miRNA processing can be a mechanism responsible for reduced levels of mature forms of tumor-suppressive miRNAs frequently detected in cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-150
Number of pages11
JournalGenes and Cancer
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2011

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Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
MicroRNAs
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Small Interfering RNA

Keywords

  • DGCR8
  • Drosha
  • Invasion
  • MiRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

Cite this

Impaired microRNA processing facilitates breast cancer cell invasion by upregulating urokinase-type plasminogen activator expression. / Noh, Hyangsoon; Hong, Sungguan; Dong, Zheng; Pan, Zhixing K.; Jing, Qing; Huang, Shuang.

In: Genes and Cancer, Vol. 2, No. 2, 12.07.2011, p. 140-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Noh, Hyangsoon ; Hong, Sungguan ; Dong, Zheng ; Pan, Zhixing K. ; Jing, Qing ; Huang, Shuang. / Impaired microRNA processing facilitates breast cancer cell invasion by upregulating urokinase-type plasminogen activator expression. In: Genes and Cancer. 2011 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 140-150.
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abstract = "Global mature microRNA (miRNA) expression is downregulated in cancers, and impaired miRNA processing enhances cancer cell proliferation. These findings indicate that the miRNA system generally serves as a negative regulator during cancer progression. In this study, we investigated the role of the miRNA system in cancer cell invasion by determining the effect of damaging miRNA processing on invasion-essential urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) expression in breast cancer cells. Short hairpin RNAs specific for Drosha, DGCR8, and Dicer, key components of miRNA processing machinery, were introduced into 2 breast cancer cell lines with high uPA expression and 2 lines with poor uPA expression. Knockdown of Drosha, DGCR8, or Dicer led to even higher uPA expression in cells with high uPA expression, while it was unable to increase uPA level in cells with poor uPA expression, suggesting that the miRNA system most likely impacts uPA expression as a facilitator. In cells with high uPA expression, knockdown of Drosha, DGCR8, or Dicer substantially increased in vitro invasion, and depleting uPA abrogated enhanced invasion. These results thus link the augmented invasion conferred by impaired miRNA processing to upregulated uPA expression. uPA mRNA was a direct target of miR-193a/b and miR-181a, and a higher uPA level in cells with impaired miRNA processing resulted from less mature miR-193a/b and miR-181a processed from their respective primary miRNAs. Importantly, the levels of mature miR-193a, miR-193b, and miR-181a, but not their respective primary miRNAs, were lower in high uPA-expressing cells compared to cells with low uPA expression, and this apparently attributed to lower Drosha/DGCR8 expression in high uPA-expressing cells. This study suggests that less efficient miRNA processing can be a mechanism responsible for reduced levels of mature forms of tumor-suppressive miRNAs frequently detected in cancers.",
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