In vitro evaluation of composite containing DMAHDM and calcium phosphate nanoparticles on recurrent caries inhibition at bovine enamel-restoration margins

Wen Zhou, Xian Peng, Xuedong Zhou, Michael D. Weir, Mary Anne S. Melo, Franklin R. Tay, Satoshi Imazato, Thomas W. Oates, Lei Cheng, Hockin H.K. Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Recurrent caries is a primary reason for restoration failure caused by biofilm acids. The objectives of this study were to: (1) develop a novel multifunctional composite with antibacterial function and calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) ion release, and (2) investigate the effects on enamel demineralization and hardness at the margins under biofilms. Methods: Dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) and nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) were incorporated into composite. Four groups were tested: (1) Commercial control (Heliomolar), (2) Experimental control (0% DMAHDM + 0% NACP), (3) antibacterial group (3% DMAHDM + 0% NACP), (D) antibacterial and remineralizing group (3% DMAHDM + 30% NACP). Mechanical properties and Ca and P ion release were measured. Colony-forming units (CFU), lactic acid and polysaccharide of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) biofilms were evaluated. Demineralization of bovine enamel with restorations was induced via S. mutans, and enamel hardness was measured. Data were analyzed via one-way and two-way analyses of variance and Tukey's multiple comparison tests. Results: Adding DMAHDM and NACP into composite did not compromise the mechanical properties (P > 0.05). Ca and P ion release of 3% DMAHDM + 30% NACP was increased at cariogenic low pH. Biofilm lactic acid and polysaccharides were greatly decreased via DMAHDM, and CFU was reduced by 4 logs (P < 0.05). Under biofilm acids, enamel hardness at the margins was decreased to about 0.5 GPa for control; it was about 1 GPa for antibacterial group, and 1.3 GPa for antibacterial and remineralizing group (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The novel 3% DMAHDM + 30% NACP composite had strong antibacterial effects. It substantially reduced enamel demineralization adjacent to restorations under biofilm acid attacks, yielding enamel hardness that was 2-fold greater than that of control composites. The novel multifunctional composite is promising to inhibit recurrent caries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDental Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Biofilms
  • Demineralizaiton and remineralization
  • Enamel hardness.
  • Nanocomposite
  • Recurrent caries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'In vitro evaluation of composite containing DMAHDM and calcium phosphate nanoparticles on recurrent caries inhibition at bovine enamel-restoration margins'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this