Inclusion body β-thalassemia trait in a Swiss family is caused by an abnormal hemoglobin (Geneva) with an altered and extended β chain carboxy-terminus due to a modification in codon β114

Ph Beris, P. A. Miescher, J. C. Diaz-Chico, I. S. Han, A. Kutlar, H. Hu, J. B. Wilson, T. H.J. Huisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have analyzed the sequence of the β globin gene of a chromosome that is linked to the occurrence of an inclusion body β-thalassemia characterized in the heterozygote by moderate anemia, severe red cell abnormalities, splenomegaly, inclusion body formation, elevated Hb A2 levels, and an increased in vitro α/β chain synthetic ratio. The data indicate a change in codon 114 from CTG (Leu) to -GG that resulted in a frameshift and the presumed synthesis of an abnormal β chain that is 156 residues long with a completely different C-terminal amino acid sequence. The change in codon 114 gives a -GGGCCC- sequence that creates a new ApaI site; the resulting 2.6-kilobase fragment has been observed in all subjects with this thalassemia condition. Protein structural analyses failed to demonstrate any trace of the abnormal β chain, even in reticulocytes and nucleated red cells that were isolated by density gradient centrifugation. The inclusion bodies appear to contain mainly normal α chains. It is assumed that the structure of the β-Geneva chain prevents it from combining with normal α chains; this results in a rapid breakdown of the abnormal protein during the early stages of red cell maturation and an accumulation of free α chains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-805
Number of pages5
JournalBlood
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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