Influence of impression material and time on the 3-dimensional accuracy of implant impressions

Stefan Holst, Markus B. Blatz, Michael Bergler, Matthias Goellner, Manfred Wichmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Objective: To investigate, in vitro, the effect of time on the 3-dimensional accuracy of open-tray implant impression copings made of polyvinyl siloxane and polyether impression materials. Method and Materials: Reference models with 4 internal connection implants were fabricated. Four sets of 71 direct impressions were made with square impression copings using an open-tray technique. One set of impressions was made with polyether material (material A) and each of 3 polyvinyl siloxane materials (materials B, C, and D). Three-dimensional changes in spatial orientation of the implant analogs were measured over 48 hours using an optical measurement device. Deviation values were summed over 4 points and averaged per impression. Global differences were tested with a nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test followed by pairwise comparisons using the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The mean dimensional accuracy of implant impressions significantly differed over time (P < .001). Materials A and B were found to produce comparable results. For materials C and D there was a significant increase in deviations, with a maximum increase at 2 hours. Deviations for material C were comparable to materials A and B at 48 hours. Baseline values were not maintained by any material. Conclusions: Within the limits of this in vitro study, it can be concluded that time cannot be neglected as a factor affecting the accuracy of implant master casts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalQuintessence international
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007



  • Dental implant
  • Impression material
  • Master cast
  • Optical measurement
  • Polyether
  • Polyvinyl siloxane
  • Precision
  • Three-dimensional distortion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Holst, S., Blatz, M. B., Bergler, M., Goellner, M., & Wichmann, M. (2007). Influence of impression material and time on the 3-dimensional accuracy of implant impressions. Quintessence international, 38(1), 67-73.